Sinopec

China Business Briefs 24/4/14

Economy Finance Auto Energy Tech Property Agriculture Retail

Economy

Manufacturing remains weak[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn The preliminary reading was 48.3, compared with 48.0 in March. A reading below 50 indicates a contraction.

Domestic demand improved slightly, as suggested by an increase in new orders. The sub-index reading rose to 47.7 in April from 46.5 in March. Output rebounded to 48.0 from 47.2.

Infrastructure projects set to boost growth – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn China announced 80 major public infrastructure projects on Wednesday to arrest the economy’s slowdown while experimenting with wider access for private and overseas investors.

The projects will cover railway and harbor construction, new infrastructure needed by information technology, major clean energy projects such as hydropower, wind power and photovoltaic power, as well as modernization projects in oil and gas and chemical industries.

China Opens 80 Projects in State-Run Sectors to Investors – Bloomberg The projects are in industries including railways, ports and clean energy, according to a statement posted on the central government’s website yesterday that cited a State Council meeting. The projects are also in information technology, oil and gas pipelines, coal-to-chemicals and petrochemicals, it said.

State-controlled companies including PetroChina Co. (857) and China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. (386) have been leading a drive to find private investors amid a push by Premier Li Keqiang to give markets a bigger role in the allocation of resources. The country’s economy grew 7.4 percent in the first three months of the year, the slowest pace in six quarters.

Weakening RMB affecting dim sum bond market|Finance|Business|WantChinaTimes.com Continued depreciation of the renminbi has made investors more cautious in credit checks of offshore RMB bond issuers as the fear of a market reaction has caused some Chinese companies to turn to dollar bonds to raise cash.

Since mid-February, the Chinese currency has depreciated by nearly 3%, meaning investors snapping up “dim sum bonds,” or RMB-denominated bonds issued outside the Chinese mainland, can no longer speculate on a rising yuan.

China Resources ‘mistress’ business link tracked – FT.com China Resources, the state-owned conglomerate whose chairman was detained last week by anti-corruption investigators, has allocated many of its investment banking deals over the past five years to institutions employing the chairman’s alleged mistress.

From 2009 until 2012, Credit Suisse was one of the most prominent advisers on acquisitions and capital market activity carried out by China Resources and its numerous subsidiaries, according to data from Dealogic financial services information. This period coincides with the employment of Yang Lijuan, who also goes by the name Helen Yang and who is alleged to have been the mistress of the disgraced China Resources chairman Song Lin.

Contrarian Fund Will Seek Opportunities in Suffering Chinese Shares – WSJ.com Value Partners Group Ltd., a money manager based in Hong Kong, plans to open a fund in the third quarter to snap up shares in companies such as coal miners and steelmakers. They have been big decliners since China’s government started making noise about pollution and taking aim at energy-intensive heavy industries.

“They are too severely punished, to the point where it’s worth thinking about deep value buying,” said Cheah Cheng Hye, chairman and co-chief investment officer of Value Partners Group Ltd., which will likely look to raise at least US$50 million for its contrarian fund.

Finance

Chinese firms turn to foreign investors to borrow – MarketWatch Businesses based in mainland China–led by banks, property developers and energy companies–at the end of last year had a total of $169.2 billion of bonds outstanding held by investors outside China, up 60% from the previous year and more than double the amount from 2011, according to a new analysis by Nomura Holdings Inc. Many of the bonds are sold in Hong Kong, a Chinese city that operates under its own laws, and in the Caribbean. Of all the estimated $2 trillion of Chinese corporate bonds outstanding, about 8% is held by foreigners, the Nomura study shows.

Chinese brokerages queue up for next round of IPOs | GlobalPost The China Securities Regulatory Commission published the application prospectuses of 19 firms on its website on Tuesday evening, bringing the total to 65 applicants over the last five days.

One firm, Guotai Junan Securities Co Ltd, has applied for an IPO in Shanghai that could raise nearly 22 billion yuan ($3.5 billion), according to Reuters calculations.

Short-Seller Accuses Chinese Rubber Recycler of Doctoring Financials – WSJ.com Short-seller Glaucus Research Group California LLC on Thursday accused a Taipei-listed Chinese foam-rubber recycler of doctoring its financials.

In a 32-page report, Glaucus said it believes Asia Plastic Recycling Holding Ltd , based in China’s Fujian province, has overstated its net income by around 10 times, citing Chinese government tax records. Glacus also said public-land records show the company paid much less than it reported in acquiring two pieces of land and in expanding a factory since 2011.

Auto

Tesla CEO Pledges to Build Up Support Network in China – WSJ.com Tesla Motors Inc. Chief Executive Elon Musk pledged to enhance the auto maker’s support network in China to help broaden use of the company’s niche electric car, and offered new details about a $5 billion battery factory Tesla plans to build in the U.S.

Speaking in Beijing Tuesday at a ceremony marking the first handover of a Tesla vehicle to a customer in China, Mr. Musk said U.S.-based Tesla is building out hundreds of service centers around China but didn’t offer a time frame for their completion.

Energy

China Ends Environmental Ban on CNPC, Sinopec Refining Projects – Bloomberg Overturning an eight month-old ban, China National Petroleum Corp. and China Petrochemical Corp. can resume applying for clearance from the Ministry of Environmental Protection for new refining and petrochemicals projects, the ministry said today on its website.

CNPC, China’s biggest oil and gas company and parent of PetroChina Co. (857), and Sinopec Group, Asia’s biggest refiner and parent of China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. (386) known as Sinopec, were banned from seeking environmental clearances in September 2013 following a review of their emissions in 2012. The ban effectively prevented the companies from building new refineries and petrochemical facilities.

PetroChina Company Limited Given Average Rating of “Buy” by Brokerages (NYSE:PTR) | WKRB News PetroChina Company Limited (NYSE:PTR) has received an average recommendation of “Buy” from the twelve brokerages that are covering the company, ARN reports. One analyst has rated the stock with a sell recommendation, four have given a hold recommendation and seven have given a buy recommendation to the company. The average twelve-month target price among analysts that have issued a report on the stock in the last year is $102.00.

CNOOC Ltd offers $4bn bonds -Upstreamonline.com The overseas arm of state-run China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) is offering $4 billion worth of bonds to help repay loans related to its takeover of Canada’s Nexen last year.

CNOOC Ltd revealed it planned to sell $1.25 billion three-year notes, $2.25 billion 10-year notes and $500 million 30-year notes.

CNOOC Ltd names new Nexen boss -Upstreamonline.com Current executive vice president of CNOOC Ltd Fang Zhi will take over for Kevin Reinhart as Nexen’s chief executive, the company said.

Reinhart, who has worked for Nexen for 20 years, was named interim chief executive in early 2012 following the abrupt departure of former boss Marvin Romanow. Reinhart has held the position since then and oversaw the $15.1 billion sale to CNOOC Ltd, which was finalised in February last year.

Tech

Competition, Subsidies Hit China Mobile Earnings – WSJ.com China Mobile, however, has been dependent on homegrown 3G technology, which is compatible with fewer handsets. To maintain its dominant position, the company plans to double its capital spending to $12 billion this year to build a speedier 4G network. Apple and other major smartphone makers including Samsung Electronics Co., Sony Corp. and HTC Corp. already make phones to support this 4G standard.

China Mobile added 1.34 million 4G users in February, of which about one million were new iPhone users, Chief Executive Li Yue told The Wall Street Journal last month. The company said Tuesday it added 1.45 million 4G users in March, but it didn’t give a breakdown of iPhone users.

Tencent $2.5bn bond sale defies tech sector gloom – FT.com The deal, announced to the Hong Kong stock exchange on Wednesday, is part of the company’s medium-term notes programme established earlier this month, and is split into three-year and five-year tranches. The shorter duration debt offers a yield of just over 2 per cent while the notes maturing in 2019 – the bulk of the deal, at $2bn – pay out 3.4 per cent.

The five-year portion was priced at a spread over US Treasuries of 165 basis points, a new low for the company. It paid a spread of 375 bps in its first US dollar deal in 2011, and 275 bps in 2012.

Alibaba Starts to Sells First Ever Private Brand Hardware Tmall Box for 299 Yuan | TechNode Alibaba starts to sell set-top-box Tmall Box today on its B2C e-commerce site Tmall. This is the first time for the Chinese Internet giant to commercialize private brand hardware, although it has released last year another set-top box Wasu Rainbow together with Wasu Media, one of the several state-authorized content providers.

The product is priced at 299 yuan (around $48), while 10,000 Tmall credits will be distributed to each buyer, who can purchase 100 yuan worth of products on Tmall.

Xiaomi announces expansion into 10 more countries this year This afternoon Xiaomi, China’s fast-growing smartphone maker, held a meetup in Beijing to announce it would enter some new markets and also reveal a new product it had been teasing for the past several weeks.

  • Asia: Malaysia, Indonesia, India, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Europe: Russia, Turkey
  • Latin America: Mexico, Brazil

Uber rolls into Beijing, now in 5 cities across China As is Uber’s usual strategy, the Beijing debut is a quiet ‘soft’ launch ahead of a more high-profile entrance at a later date. Uber gave rides to two Beijing luminaries earlier today – local tech blogger Keso, and Beijing newbie Hugo Barra, the Googler who’s now heading the global push at phone-maker Xiaomi.

New competition coming soon in China 4G, broadband | South China Morning Post Just a day after China Mobile (0941.HK; NYSE: CHL) reported some of its worst results in years, new developments in the telecoms space are showing why the nation’s leading telco will face a rough time for the rest of this year and quite possibly well beyond that. According to the latest media reports, China’s telecoms regulator could issue 4G licenses for the main technology being used by China Mobile’s two rivals as soon as next month, injecting a major shot of competition into the market. The second telecoms news bit comes in broadband, with reports that the nation’s newly formed national cable TV company has formally registered and will start business soon.

Huawei to boost its smartphone brand via new retail, online push | South China Morning Post “There are different ways to build a brand,” said Shao Yang, vice-president of marketing for Huawei’s consumer business group. “We will adopt measures not that new to the market but new to Huawei.”

Shao said the China market will be the focus of the company’s efforts in 2014, mainly because of the launch of 4G networks on the mainland. The company trails only Samsung and Apple as a leading producer of smartphones. It plans to manufacture 80 million smartphones this year, having shipped 52 million units in 2013.

China mobile Zong wins Pakistan’s 3G, 4G spectrum – Xinhua | English.news.cn Pakistan raised 1.1 billion U.S. dollars in its first auction for 3G and 4G mobile phone networks on Wednesday and China Mobile Pakistan, or Zong, emerged the sole winner of Pakistan 4G spectrum license and one of four winners of the country’s 3G spectrum licenses.

Property

China Money Network − CITIC Capital, Sonae Sierra Launch Property Management Joint Venture CITIC Capital Holdings Limited and international shopping center operator Sonae Sierra says they have launched a joint venture to provide management and leasing services to shopping centers in China, according to a company announcement.

Headquartered in Shanghai, the joint venture will focus on adding long-term value to shopping centers in China. It will start by providing property management services to retail projects currently invested by CITIC Capital.

Agriculture

Shanghai Dairy planning independent public listing|Companies|Business|WantChinaTimes.com Shanghai Dairy Group, a subsidiary of Bright Dairy and Foods, plans to go public independently, the subsidiary’s chairperson Shen Weiping told Shanghai-based China Business News, denying rumors about Shanghai Dairy’s capital being invested into the listed Bright Foods stock-trading platform.

Shen also said that Shanghai Dairy had reached an agreement with Nestle to build a milk production line in the Heilongjiang region of northeastern China to supply milk to Nestle’s baby formula brands. The planned investment will be worth several billion yuan, Shen stated.

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China Business Briefs 23/4/14

Economy Finance Auto Infrastructure Energy Telecoms Property Travel Tech Agriculture Healthcare

Economy

Reform of China’s state-owned sector gains momentum | South China Morning Post **Cross river by feeling the stones, etc** Far from the spotlight, in secretive high-level meetings and company boardrooms, Beijing is drawing up one of the country’s thorniest reforms: an overhaul of China’s hugely inefficient state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

It shapes up as an eclectic mix of pilot projects and initiatives rather than a single blueprint, which makes it hard to judge their progress.

Yet, taken together, they probably mark the beginning of the biggest revamp of China’s state sector since the late 1990s, when Beijing set out to shore up industry before joining the World Trade Organisation.

South China’s Balancing Act Between Raising Wages & Keeping Investors | China Briefing News In South China for example, minimum wages were last increased in Dongguan, Foshan, Zhuhai and Zhongshan on a mandatory basis on May 1st of last year. This year, no announcement has been made, although rumors are the increase is being deferred a few months to August.

There are signals that local governments are now having to strike a balancing act between making companies happy (with no further labor cost raises) and workers demanding higher salaries – which will attract more workers and increase local consumption. In terms of social insurance, although this is compulsory, some local companies have been late in paying their obligations in full.

Chinese Bad-Loan Ratio Rises ‘Significantly,’ Huarong Says (1) – Businessweek China’s bad-loan ratio rose “significantly” in the first quarter, increasing risks for the nation’s banking industry, according to the nation’s largest manager of soured debt.

The business environment this year has been “grim and complicated” as lenders face pressures on asset quality, liquidity and lending margins, China Huarong Asset Management Co. Chairman Lai Xiaomin said during an internal meeting on April 15, according to a statement today on the website of the Beijing-based company.

Chinese Shoemakers Are on Strike for Benefits — But Who Will Foot the Bill? – China Real Time Report – WSJ The workers said the Hong Kong-listed company has been making social insurance contributions based on basic wages rather than total actual pay as required by law.

According  to an estimate by a not-for-profit labor support organization, Yue Yuen’s back payments could total more than 100 million-200 million yuan ($16 million-$32 million) depending on how many of the workers are owed for long years of service.

Slower growth poses challenges: AmCham[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn “With slower growth, we see more challenges,” AmCham China Chairman Gregory Gilligan told reporters in Beijing. “That is the reason some American companies are scaling back their investment plans.”

Finance

China Warns of Rising Risks From ‘P2P’ Lending – WSJ.com **Again** “Currently, P2P lending has been growing rapidly. The number of new P2P lending websites and the total of loans they have issued have been rising rapidly,” said Liu Zhangjun, director general of the Office of the Interagency Anti-illegal Fundraising Taskforce, a group that includes bank regulators, police and court officials.

Closer Look: Regulator Takes Hard Look at Jack Ma-Hundsun Deal – **Is Ma starting to overreach?** The securities regulator has been consulting large securities firms and fund companies regarding the proposed acquisition of a leading financial software provider by Jack Ma, the founder and chairman of e-commerce giant Alibaba Group, sources with knowledge of the matter said.

Banks to issue preferred shares this year – Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn The first batch of Chinese commercial banks may issue preferred shares this year, and investors will ask for a higher dividend rate while putting up with more uncertainties, experts said.

Preferred shares pay fixed dividends and enjoy priority over common stock in the event of bankruptcy. They typically do not trade on the open market, carry no voting rights and do not dilute net profits attributable to shareholders.

“The pace of Agricultural Bank of China and Bank of China is faster, and they probably will issue preferred shares this year,” said an insider at one of the four major State-owned commercial banks.

China may let banks default when deposit insurance begins – SFGate Authorities may tolerate failures of smaller banks once depositor safeguards are in place, Kwong Li, Chief Executive Officer of China Lianhe Credit Rating Co. said. Among lender bonds rated at or below AA, the extra yield investors demand to hold the 2022 securities of China Bohai Bank Co. in the northern city of Tianjin surged to an 11-month high of 245 basis points on Thursday. The premium on the notes due 2019 of Harbin Bank Co., a lender near China’s border with Russia, has jumped 51 basis points in the past year to 225.

DZHNews.com- Breaking China Biz News, Financial Updates, Corporate News Wang Yongli, vice president of Bank of China Ltd. (BOC, 601988.SH) quitted his job last week, following reports that he was under investigation by the Communist Party of China’s (CPC) discipline department.

Wang’s resignation came after he had reportedly been investigated by the CPC’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI).

Forex controls and VIEs | China Accounting Blog | Paul Gillis Chukong Holdings Limited filed on last Friday with the SEC for a U.S. IPO. Chukong is an online game company so it uses the variable interest entity (VIE) structure despite a specific MIIT prohibition against using VIEs for game companies. The company also faces a lawsuit alleging they ripped off their game Fishing Joy from an arcade game, report that they have not been paying required employee benefits, never bothered to register their stock option plan, and have an auditor facing suspension by the SEC, but based on past history investors ignore such matters.

Beijing mulls bond sales by local gov’ts|Finance|Business|WantChinaTimes.com Money raised by the bond sales could be used to partly finance construction projects that have been included in the provincial-level governments’ general public budget plans, it said.

No other forms of debt raising by local governments and their subordinate organs would be allowed under the draft revision. Furthermore, local governments and their subordinate departments should not provide debt guarantees for any institutions or individuals, under the proposals.

WH Group Said to Mull Cutting $5.3 Billion IPO in Half on Demand – Bloomberg The company may sell new shares equivalent to 10 percent of its enlarged market capital, about half of what it previously planned, the people said yesterday, asking not to be identified as the information is private. Existing investors including Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (GS) may also refrain from selling stock as part of the IPO, the people said.

At $5.3 billion, the WH Group IPO would have been Hong Kong’s biggest since October 2010, when AIA Group (1299) Ltd. raised $20 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The company struggled to attract investors even after hiring 28 underwriters, the most ever for an IPO in the city.

Wanda Cinema Line Plans CNY2 Billion IPO in Shenzhen — Update – WSJ.com China’s biggest cinema operator in terms of box office revenue plans to sell up to 60 million yuan-denominated A shares to fund the opening of new cinemas and to supplement working capital, according to a preliminary prospectus posted late Monday by the China Securities Regulatory Commission.

The planned listing comes as China pushes to generate economic growth more through domestic spending and less through state-backed investment. The film industry, part of the so-called “cultural industry” that Beijing wants to build up, has in recent years grown rapidly with box office revenue rising by about 30% a year.

Huarong Q1 profits up by 75% – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn Huarong, one of four asset management companies the government set up in 1999 to absorb toxic assets held by China’s four biggest banks, said total assets and net assets were 432.9 billion yuan and 56.7 billion yuan, respectively, at the end of March.

Profits nose dive for Chinese rare earth miner|Markets|Business|WantChinaTimes.com The company made 1.6 million yuan (US$261,300) in net profits from the start of January to the end of March, diving by 94.1% year on year, according to a financial report released on Monday.

The miner’s business revenue also declined by 98.5% to reach 3.3 million yuan (US$529,100) in the first three months. The financial results came after a 20.5% decline in net profits and a 57.6% drop in business revenue in 2013.

Auto

GM to battle VW in China with $12 billion investment and new plants | Reuters GM expects its China sales to expand 8-10 percent this year, in line with the overall growth of the Chinese market, where foreign firms, such as Volkswagen AG, and domestic players like SAIC Motor Corp vie for more market share.

“We are investing wisely and accelerating our vehicle development and manufacturing to keep pace with market demand. In total we are investing $12 billion between 2014 and 2017,” Matt Tsien, president of GM China, said at the Auto China show in Beijing.

Chinese Nissan Leaf goes on sale in September as Venucia e30 The upcoming Chinese version of the Nissan Leaf, the Venucia e30, was not the highlight of the Dongfeng Nissan stand at this year’s Beijing Motor Show. That honor goes to the R30, a compact car with “segment-competitive fuel economy” and a starting price of under RMB 50,000 ($8,033 US). But that doesn’t mean Dongfeng didn’t make some news about the debut of the world’s most popular electric vehicle in the world’s most populous country.

Infrastructure

China Province to Spend $3.35 Billion on Water Projects – Bloomberg A northeastern Chinese province is planning to invest 20.9 billion yuan ($3.35 billion) this year on water-conservation projects as the world’s most-populous nation tries to ensure residential and industrial supplies.

The works in Heilongjiang province, which borders Russia, will highlight agricultural irrigation and drainage, improved flood protection and preserving water resources, the official Xinhua News Agency reported today, citing a provincial government work meeting.

Sany digs deep to lay foundation in Africa[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn However, Xiao Jiang, general manager of subsidiary Sany Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd, said that while Africa has tantalizing potential as a market, any Chinese company contemplating taking advantage of that potential needs to take a long-term view.

“If all you do is scramble for market share by offering the lowest price and don’t care about related services, it’s only a matter of time before your operations fold,” Xiao said.

Energy

CNOOC Limited Announces Key Operational Statistics of Q1 | The Jakarta Post – PR Newswire In the first quarter, the Company achieved a total net production of 108.1 million barrels of oil equivalent (“BOE”), representing 15.5% increase year over year (YoY).

In the first quarter, the unaudited oil and gas sales revenue of the Company reached approximately RMB59.15 billion, representing an increase of 6.9% YoY, mainly due to the increase of oil and gas production. During the period, the Company’s average realized gas price was US$6.33 per thousand cubic feet, representing an increase of 9.3% YoY while the Company’s average realized oil price was US$104.63 per barrel.

PetroChina hikes 2015 shale gas output target to 2.6 bil cu m: report – Natural Gas | Platts News Article & Story State-owned PetroChina has hiked its shale gas production target significantly and now expects to produce 2.6 billion cubic meters/year next year, a senior executive was reported as saying Monday.

This is an increase from an earlier target of 1.5 billion cu m/year made in August last year.

China Petroleum and Chemical’s Underperform Rating Reaffirmed at Zacks (SNP) – Mideast Time Zacks’ analyst wrote, “We are maintaining our recommendation on Sinopec at Underperform, ahead of first quarter results. During 2013, the company witnessed a sharp drop in crude oil prices, which dragged down the Exploration and Production (E&P) segment’s operating profit by 21.8% year over year. However, increases in the price of international crude oil amid government caps on fuel prices prevented the company from fully passing on the spiraling costs to consumers. We believe that Sinopec’s matured domestic oil fields and associated rising costs will continue to be an overhang on its operations as natural declines become pricier to counterbalance. In view of these factors, we see no positive catalyst in the near term.”

Exclusive – Nigeria favours local firms in $40 billion oil contract awards – Yahoo Singapore Finance A number of other former winners were also absent from the 2014/2015 list, which will take effect from June. China’s Unipec, the trading arm of top Asian refiner Sinopec Corp , as well as Azeri state oil company Socar, were former contract holders and did not feature on the new list.

China Hydroelectric Corporation Announces Results for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2013: PR Newswire Business News – MSN Money China Hydroelectric Corporation (NYSE: CHC, CHCWS) (“China Hydroelectric” or “the Company”), an owner, developer, and operator of small hydroelectric power projects in the People’s Republic of China, today announced its unaudited financial results for the fourth quarter and twelve months ended December 31, 2013.

For the fourth quarter of 2013, revenues from continuing operations (net of value-added tax) declined by 18.5% year over year to $10.1 million, due to a 16.6% decline in electricity sold. We recorded a net loss attributable to China Hydroelectric shareholders from continuing operations of $5.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, compared to a $9.2 million loss for the same period of 2012. This improvement is partially attributable to a $2.9 million decrease in general and administrative expenses.

Telecoms

China Mobile Profit Declines as Costs Rise With IPhone Release – Bloomberg China Mobile Ltd. (941), the world’s largest phone company by users, posted its third straight drop in quarterly profit as expenses for subsidizing Apple Inc. (AAPL)’s iPhone and building networks increased.

Net income fell 9.4 percent to about 25.24 billion yuan ($4 billion) in the first quarter, the Beijing-based company reported yesterday. Profit was expected to be 27 billion yuan, based on the median of five analysts’ estimates compiled by Bloomberg News.

China Unicom Q1 Earnings Soar on 3G Adoption – April 22, 2014 – Zacks.com China Unicom Hong Kong Limited, China’s second largest mobile operator, announced results for first-quarter 2014 with adjusted net income of RMB 3.302 billion ($539.5 million) that surged 73.8% year over year on strong revenue growth and higher adoption of the 3G plan. Earnings per share soared 75% year over year to RMB 0.14 (2 cents).

Total revenue (excluding deferred fixed-line upfront connection fee) climbed 8.3% year over year to RMB 76.5 billion ($12.5 billion) in the first quarter. Telecommunication service revenues, comprising roughly 81% of total revenue, were RMB 63.80 billion ($10.4 billion), up 11.8% year over year.

Property

Xi’s Squeeze Leaves China’s Heartland Missing Boom – Bloomberg “Cities in China are facing some serious real estate bubbles, and the bubbles in third-, fourth-tier cities have the risks of total collapse,” said Tao Ran, director of the China Center for Public Economics and Governance at Renmin University in Beijing, in a phone interview on March 31. “The central government and banks tightened credit in the property market because they realized the risks.”

Liu said three years ago he could get loans from China Construction Bank Corp. (939) and Agricultural Bank of China Ltd. for half the value of the land at about 6 percent to 7 percent interest. Now he’s forced to rely on “friends with connections” and pay rates of about 20 percent.

Closer Look: Why Gov’t Is Eager to Renovate Shantytowns – Premier Li Keqiang said in a recent work report that the government plans to start building 7 million low-income housing units this year, 340,000 more than the number built last year. But the number to be completed is 4.8 million, 640,000 units less than in 2013.

A rough estimate based on the data from Li’s report shows investment in affordable housing for this year will be around 1.2 trillion yuan, similar to last year’s level. In 2013, 1.12 trillion yuan was spent to build affordable housing, equivalent to 13 percent of the year’s total real estate investment, and 2 percent of GDP.

Travel

Shandong Airlines orders 50 Boeing aircraft for US$4.6 billion | South China Morning Post The company signed a deal to purchase 16 Boeing 737-800s and 34 Boeing 737 MAX planes, a statement said, in a drive to grow its fleet for business expansion in the future.

China’s commercial airline industry is dominated by the “Big Three” – flag carrier Air China, China Eastern Airlines and China Southern Airlines – but a move towards greater competition has seen the growth of smaller players in the market.

Tech

China Money Network − Baidu Likely To Report Better-Than-Expected Earnings Baidu, Inc. will report first quarter results on April 24th after the market close. We believe its results are highly likely to come in better than consensus expectations, mainly driven by its mobile business and other non-traditional search businesses such as online video.

In the mobile area, the number of downloads for both Baidu app stores and Baidu’s apps showed significant growth based on our proprietary data.

Ban on Video Game Consoles Tentatively Lifted in the Shanghai FTZ | China Briefing News **Nuts, when you think about it** On Monday this week, details were announced regarding the lifting of China’s 14-year ban on video game consoles, set to begin as a pilot program in the Shanghai Free Trade Zone (FTZ). The lifting of the ban is poised to fundamentally alter China’s lucrative video gaming market, which is currently dominated by PC and mobile games, as the giants of console gaming compete over the world’s 3rd largest video game market in terms of revenue (valued at 123 billion yuan).

Qingguo Jizhang, WeChat-based Daily Expenses Tracking App | TechNode Qingguo Jizhang is one of those expense tracking apps that hopes to make your life easier through their outstanding value proposition – using audio recording function to track your expenses.

By tapping on the WeChat platform and its audio message capability, Qingguo Jizhang wants to make expense tracking easily accessible, hassle-free and most importantly, cultivate a habit of managing your finances on a daily basis.

Alibaba’s chat app has turned its focus away from messaging **”Me too! Me too!”** How is the new Laiwang different from the old app? For starters, let’s take a look at the design. A screenshot of the original Laiwang ought to show up as a picture under the Chinese-English dictionary entry for the word “uninspired.” Its app icon featured a speech bubble enclosed in a kelly green backdrop. Look familiar? Laiwang’s user interface, meanwhile, closely mimicked that of the original WeChat interface, before Tencent placed public accounts on separate pages from ordinary contacts pages.

Now, the updated Laiwang is drenched in sour-candy yellow as it sports a new lemon theme. It even has a new mascot of sorts – anthropomorphic lemons.

Days after promising to go legit, police in China raid offices of notorious video piracy app Police in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen performed a raid this morning on the offices of one of China’s most notorious video piracy apps. The raid on Kuaibo, makers of the QVOD app for streaming films and TV shows, comes less than a week after the company promised to remove pirated content – which can be streamed or downloaded – from QVOD.

Late last year, QVOD (pictured below) and a mobile app made by search engine Baidu were the targets of a $50 million legal challenge by legitimate video streaming sites in China.

China Money Network − China Everbright Supports Management Buyout Of iSoftStone Beijing-based Chinese IT services provider iSoftStone Holdings Limited says it has entered into a definitive agreement, in which its chairman and CEO Liu Tianwen, together with China Everbright Investment Management Limited, will take the company private, according to a company announcement.

Agriculture

Millions of China’s Farmers Now Buy Climate-Change Insurance – Scientific American Li is one of hundreds of millions of Chinese farmers who are now using insurance as a tool to hedge against the risks of climate change. China is the world’s second-largest agricultural insurance market after the United States by premium income, and it is scrambling to spread the use of climate-related insurance into other sectors.

Chinese policymakers in recent years have already persuaded hundreds of millions of farmers there to buy agricultural insurance, forming a capability of covering losses worth 1.4 trillion yuan ($225 billion) in 2013. Climate risks are known as the biggest danger for losses in agriculture.

Healthcare

Fosun-TPG Group Agrees to Buy Chindex With Sweetened Bid – Bloomberg **Wonder how this will affect expat media – United Family Hospitals are one of their biggest advertisers** Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Group Co. (2196) and its partners agreed to acquire hospital operator Chindex International Inc. (CHDX) for about $433 million, after raising their offer to counter another bidder.

The group comprising Fosun Pharma, TPG Capital and Roberta Lipson, Chindex’s chief executive officer, boosted its offer for the hospital operator to $24 a share from $19.50, the Chinese drugmaker said yesterday. Chindex, based in Bethesda, Maryland, signed an amended agreement with the group after another bidder, who earlier offered $23 a share, declined to bid further, Chindex said in a separate statement

Posted from Diigo.

China Business Briefs 19/4/14

Economy Finance Auto Infrastructure Energy Mining Property Travel Tech Healthcare Retail

Economy

Yuan Depreciation Is Deeper Than You Think – China Real Time Report – WSJ But guess what? The yuan depreciation this year is probably steeper than you think.

Since the beginning of the year, the yuan has depreciated 2.8% against the dollar– a number that’s been widely used. But that’s in “nominal” terms, meaning the number doesn’t account for the different levels of inflation in the U.S. and China. When factoring in inflation, calculates Brookings Institution researcher Karim Foda, the yuan has actually fallen 3.2% over the same time period.

Yu’e Bao Finds ‘Leftover Treasure’ in Deposits – China Real Time Report – WSJ Much of Yu’e Bao’s popularity has come from its ability to give customers the convenience of a demand deposit—meaning they can withdraw their funds whenever they like—but with returns well above what a bank could offer. It recently advertised an annualized yield of 5.25%, but that level has on occasion spiked above 7% since the fund was set up June. By contrast, banks offer 3.3% for a one-year fixed deposit and close to nothing on savings deposits.

But those favorable numbers might not last long: On Tuesday Caijing magazine cited a vice president at Yu’e Bao as saying in future he expects the fund’s return to continue to decline, to a point where it’s largely in line with the fixed deposit rate.

China Officials Fibbed To Depositors To Stop Bank Runs In China, “protected by law” has a much different meaning, however.  Ordinary citizens take the phrase to mean that the Chinese government guarantees bank deposits.  That is the sense that Wei Guoqiang, mayor of Yancheng, tried to convey to depositors when speaking at the height of the turmoil last week: “Do you know whom the bank is backed by?  It’s the government.”

That statement is not true.  It is not true not just with respect to tiny rural institutions like Sheyang Rural Commercial Bank, which holds 0.01% of the total assets of the Chinese banking system, but it is also not true with respect to the so-called Big Four banks, the pillars of the national banking system.

China Resources chairman in probe as anti-corruption net widens – FT.com On Wednesday, Mr Song issued a strong rebuttal on China Resources’ website, describing the allegations as “completely false and an ill-intentioned attack that is meant to smear me”.

But on Friday, China Resources said Qiao Shibo, its general manager, had taken over Mr Song’s responsibilities at the company while Mr Song was being investigated for corruption.

China’s plan for iron ore giants hits snag | South China Morning Post Beijing wants Anshan Iron & Steel, a steelmaker with its own iron ore mines, and the Metallurgical Mines’ Association of China to lead the plan. A draft is expected by the end of the year to be submitted to the State Council for approval.

However, combined production would at best amount to only a third of total demand, making a target to cut imports to below half of the country’s requirement within 10 years look impossible and suggesting big global miners may have to ship even more.

Sitting on a lot of copper | China Economic Review Did China really use its political clout to delay a mining megamerger that could fix global commodity prices? Yes, but for its own interests. Beijing’s condition for allowing the merger that formed Glencore Xstrata (GLEN.LON, 0805.HKG) was the sale of Peru’s La Bambas mine to a Chinese consortium made up of state investment and mining companies.

Finance

Land sale revenue rise ‘unsustainable'[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn Land sale revenue rose 40.3 percent year-on-year to 1.08 trillion yuan ($174 billion) during the first quarter, said Finance Minister Luo Jiwei.

By comparison, fiscal revenue only grew 9.3 percent nationwide to 3.5 trillion yuan – and that figure excludes land sales, which are now equivalent to 55.4 percent of the public fiscal revenue of local governments. Land sale revenue for all of 2013 grew 44.6 percent.

China Rate Swap Posts Biggest Weekly Drop Since June on Easing – Bloomberg The one-year rate swap, the fixed payment needed to receive the floating seven-day repurchase rate, dropped 43 basis points this week to 3.77 percent as of 4:52 p.m. in Shanghai, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It fell six basis points today following a 22 basis point slide yesterday that was the biggest decline since June 21, when the central bank used targeted injections of funds to alleviate a record cash crunch.

P2P Lenders Heading into Dangerous Waters, Critics Say – Most P2P companies also promise to repay lenders their investment when a borrower defaults on a loan, either with money out of their own pocket or through cooperation with a guarantee firm.

Critics have argued that this is why a P2P website should be regulated as strictly as a financial institution rather than as the information providers they started out as. Without proper supervision, they say, P2P companies could use investor money to repay old loans, basically building Ponzi schemes.

Private banking opportunities draw increased foreign interest – Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn For private banks, China is a market with a vast number of potential clients. As of 2013, there were more than 1 million individuals in the nation with assets available for investment exceeding 10 million yuan ($1.6 million) each, the China Merchants-Bain survey showed. But those individuals have had few private-banking options so far.

For foreign banks, private banking mostly refers to managing personal wealth. But according to Dai Xiaohong, managing director of Standard Chartered Plc’s private banking operations in China, nearly 60 percent of their clients are entrepreneurs, most of whom don’t separate their business and personal wealth.

Third-party payment sector rules issued – Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn The new regulation features detailed rules on user information protection, user identity verification and the transaction amount during third-party payments, in a bid to reduce security risks.

The regulation made clear that commercial banks should set up transfer amount caps in accordance with the clients’ risk tolerance ability. Some analysts consider the rule as an endorsement of the commercial banks’ earlier decision to set stricter caps on quick transfers via Alipay.

Fed up Chinese retail investors exit losing markets | South China Morning Post **No wonder – see the annual performance of the top 20 stocks** More than 7 million mainland retail investors have exited the stock market since 2010, with many complaining about inefficient regulations and poor earnings by listed firms. Analysts said big funds would take advantage of the crisis of confidence to “buy low” as some shares were undervalued.

A total of 70.9 million retail investors now hold shares in their brokerage accounts, compared to 78.3 million in 2010, Guangzhou Daily reported yesterday, citing figures by data provider iFind. Mainland individual investors have been seen chasing market rallies rather than finding good bargains when the market is languishing.

China’s commodity demand tied to risky credit deals | South China Morning Post While it has been known for some time that copper imports were often used as collateral in order to get financing outside of the traditional banking channels, this year has seen iron ore, soya beans and now gold added to the list.

So far the apparently increasing use of commodities to access lines of credit hasn’t had as much impact on markets as might be expected.

But surely the risks must be mounting as it becomes clearer that significant parts of China’s commodity demand is tied to increasingly risky credit deals, many of them in property, a market that analysts believe is at risk of a sharp correction.

Taiwan Regulator Penalizes Bank Over Derivatives Sales – WSJ.com The Financial Supervisory Commission declined to name the lender, but its chairman, Tseng Ming-Chung, said during a legislative hearing Thursday that the bank was “mercenary” by misleading clients into overinvesting in these products and raking in high commissions.

Over the past two years, sales of such products have surged and brought in additional income for buyers as the yuan rose. Taiwanese companies were big buyers because of their close links with China, but the unexpected slide this year in the Chinese currency has turned many of the contracts into heavy paper losses for holders.

Auto

China Automotive Starter Market 2014-2017 Research Report — DALLAS, April 18, 2014 /PRNewswire/ —  In 2013, China’s auto market achieved more-than-expected growth, of which, the production rose 14.82% YoY to 22.13 million and sales volume climbed 13.94% YoY to 21.99 million. Automotive starter as an integral part of the car witnessed accompanying growth in OEM market size, reaching 22.13 million. On the other hand, after-sales repair & replacement constitutes another big market for automotive starter requirements. With the swelling base of Chinese car ownership, starter replacement market still shows a growing trend. By 2013, aftermarket size has amounted to 1.2604 million sets, presenting a year-on-year increase of 12.0%.

Volkswagen mulls expansion of China plant – The Wall Street Journal – MarketWatch The expansion of the Foshan plant would help Audi add the production capacity it needs to boost sales in China of its upmarket sedans and SUVs over the next few years.

Audi, the leading luxury car brand in China, sold 491,989 cars in China last year, including sales in Hong Kong, up 21% from 2012. In the first three months of this year, Audi sold 124,520 cars in China, up 21%.

Infrastructure

allAfrica.com: Zimbabwe: ZPC Deal Hangs in Balance ZIMBABWE Power Company may re-tender bids for Hwange Thermal Power Station expansion, nearly a year after naming China Machinery Engineering Company as the winning bidder of the multi-million dollar project, sources said.

Alternatively, Sino Hydro, which won the tender to expand Kariba Hydro Power Station, may be considered as it could take time to re-start the whole process.

Energy

Chinese state energy firm ups shale gas spend to £950m | World news | The Guardian Chinese state energy group PetroChina plans to spend more than 10bn yuan (£950m) on shale gas fracking this year as domestic competition heats up after rival Sinopec announced a commercial find.

Faced with high drilling costs and the complexity of tapping shale gas, China has struggled to revolutionise its energy supplies. But now the country wants to unlock what could be the world’s largest shale gas reserves by emulating the success of the US shale boom.

Athabasca triggers oilsands sale to PetroChina Athabasca Oil Corp. says it is selling its 40 per cent stake in the proposed 250,000-barrel-per-day Dover oilsands project to partner PetroChina for $1.32 billion.

The much-anticipated sale, conditional on final regulatory approval of the project, will give the Chinese national oil company its second 100 per cent owned thermal oilsands project in northeastern Alberta.

Candu Energy changes tack in China, seeks construction partnerships – The Globe and Mail When SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. bought Candu Energy Inc. for $15-million, it took private an asset that had, over 60 years, sucked $21-billion from Ottawa.

Just three years later, SNC is pinning hopes for future billions on another government, this time in Beijing. With a long-standing effort to sell new reactors to China yet to produce any fruit, Candu is now seeking to link hands with state-owned Chinese firms to build new reactors abroad, an ambition that has eluded the Canadian nuclear industry for many years.

Mining

China’s Zhongjin Gold profits plunge – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn Net profits at Zhongjin Gold Corporation Ltd., China’s leading gold producer, plummeted more than 72.32 percent in 2013 from the previous year, the company announced on Friday.

The company’s net profits tumbled to 431.1 million yuan (70 million US dollars) last year.

Beijing appeals to WTO against rare earth ruling|Policy|Business|WantChinaTimes.com The appeal will be lodged Thursday, Ministry of Commerce spokesman Shen Danyang said.

No matter the result, China will stick to its policy objective to protect resources and the environment, and will continue to boost management of resource industries following the WTO rules, said Shen.

Property

China new-home prices slow gains in March – MarketWatch Average new home prices in 70 cities rose 7.32% year over year in March, according to calculations by The Wall Street Journal based on data released Friday by the National Bureau of Statistics. Prices rose 0.22% month over month compared with 0.27% in February.

The year-over-year rise in February was 8.19% and 8.98% in January. Until then price rises accelerated every month for the past year. In December the average price rise was 9.17% and 9.10% in November.

Chinese Real Estate Service Leju Debuts on NYSE Thursday | TechNode Leju (NYSE:LEJU), once a wholly-owned subsidiary of real estate service E-House (NYSE:EJ) and former property channel of Sina, got listed on the New York Stock Exchange for overall $100 million of funding this Thursday, the same day of Sina Weio’s debut on Nasdaq Capital Market. The company has filed for an US IPO this March.

Leju sought to raise as much as $194 million by selling 17.70 million shares for $10-$12 each, but only saw demand through underwriters for 11.50 million shares at the low end of the offer at $10 apiece.

Travel

Cruise lines push throttle on China expansion plans – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn The 4,180-passenger Quantum of the Seas, Royal Caribbean’s newest ship, will move its home port to Shanghai in May 2015, the Miami, United States-based company said at a news conference in Shanghai. The ship will sail three- to eight-night voyages year-round from Shanghai to Japan and South Korea, following its maiden season, which will launch in November from the US to the Bahamas and the Caribbean.

“People in China have grown to expect the best the world has to offer, and Quantum of the Seas meets that standard like no other ship,” said Adam Goldstein, president and COO of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.

In-Depth Research and Forecast of China Shield Tunnel Boring Machine Market — DUBLIN, April 16, 2014 /PR Newswire UK/ — Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7mbvg9/indepth_research) has announced the addition of the “In-Depth Research and Forecast of China Shield Tunnel Boring Machine Market” report to their offering.

Shield tunnel boring machine is a kind of specialized engineering machinery for tunneling. Currently it is widely used in the construction of subway, railway, road and hydropower projects. With the trend of three-dimensional cities and pipelines buried underground, output of China’s shield tunnel boring machines reached to 141 units in 2012, with sales revenue harvesting CNY 7.045 billion.

Tech

Linked to prostitution, China’s favorite flirty chat app slammed by state media Momo is China’s top chat-and-flirt app, sort of like Skout, for connecting with people in your area. It’s hugely popular, too. Earlier this year Momo reached 100 million registered users.

But China’s state news agency, Xinhua, is not too pleased with some of the shenanigans on Momo. In an editorial yesterday (in Chinese), Xinhua described the “hormone-filled” app as being a hotbed of prostitution. Xinhua’s reporters fired up the app and were shocked – shocked – to find that a number of the nearby women in the app were actually sex workers.

Alibaba’s Alipay payment service inks deal with Rakuten According to an official statement from Rakuten, 250 shops on Rakuten Global Market will open up transactions with Alipay, though the company intends to increase that number gradually. Currently, 10,000 of Rakuten’s 42,000 domestic vendors sell goods internationally on Rakuten Global Market.

Healthcare

China Money Network − Carlyle, Primavera Capital Offer Higher Bid For Chindex Go-Private Deal Washington, D.C.-based global private equity firm The Carlyle Group is the bidder who has offered a higher price to privatize NASDAQ-listed Chinese hospital operator Chindex International, Inc., according to Chinese media reports.

Primavera Capital, a Chinese private equity firm founded by former chairman of Greater China at Goldman Sachs Fred Hu, is also considering making a competing bid, says the report.

Retail

McDonald’s to give China restaurants a makeover – MarketWatch The Oak Brook, Ill., company is overhauling a number of its China-based stores in places like Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou using a local designer, according to a company statement. It is also launching a new advertising campaign that focuses on Chinese aspirations and recruiting more locals to run its franchises in China. McDonald’s will also feature basketball star LeBron James in China-focused commercials later this year, the statement said.

Posted from Diigo.

China Business Briefs 18/4/14

Good to be back in Beijing.

Economy Finance Auto Energy Telecoms Property Tech Agriculture Retail

Economy

Closer Look: Signs China’s Economy Transforming Linger behind Latest GDP Figure – What is worth more attention than the growth rate is a change in the economy that other NBS data reflect. In 2013, the tertiary sector’s contribution to total economic output exceeded that of secondary sector for the first time in modern Chinese history.

The latest results showed that services pulled ahead of production and construction even more, with the former accounting for 49 percent of total economic output in the first quarter. Last year tertiary sector’s share of GDP was 46.1 percent.

Many Chinese firms looking overseas: Poll[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn Approximately 60 percent of leading Chinese companies plan to move research and development centers and/or production overseas in the next five years, a study by Strategy& (formerly Booz &Co) and the World Economic Forum said on Wednesday.

That figure roughly doubles the number of Chinese companies that are currently sending these functions abroad, according to the study.

Anti-Dumping The U.S. Trade Representative (“USTR”) announced last week that China, in a follow-up to its December 3, 2013 request for World Trade Organization (“WTO”) consultations, has asked for a dispute settlement panel concerning certain U.S antidumping methodologies. The USTR requests public comments on the issues identified by China in its panel request.

Beijing must stay the course despite the slowdown | China Economic Review If expectations are low, beating them doesn’t mean much. China’s GDP grew by 7.4% year-on-year in the first quarter of 2014, a notch above the market consensus of 7.3%.

But after three months of mainly gloomy economic data, analysts weren’t betting on a powerful punch in overall growth figures. The stats from March alone give reason to believe that China has yet to rebound from a tough start to the year. As for giving the economy a gentle fiscal nudge, Beijing has likely said all it intends to on that matter with some targeted measures in recent weeks. China Economic Review thinks that’s just fine as long as economic reform keeps abreast.

Internationalizing Your China WFOE | China Briefing News In the rush to get into China over the past decade, many foreign investors established WFOEs – either as trading and services companies, or as manufacturing entities in their own right. For many, this is a policy that has worked very well – the legal and regulatory structures are well defined and understood. Today though, as foreign investors start to eye other markets in Asia, the China WFOE is starting to prove awkward as a base from which to launch into Asia. There are a number of reasons for this:

China Resources Chairman Song Lin Faces Probe After Media Charge – Bloomberg Song Lin, whose company is the parent of five Hong Kong-listed units, is being probed for “suspected disciplinary violations,” the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said in a statement yesterday on its website using language that signals a corruption probe.

His company controls China Resources Power Holdings Co., which was accused last year of paying too much for three coal mines in Shanxi province in 2010. The probe is a signal that the Communist Party is intensifying a campaign to root out the corruption that President Xi Jinping has said threatens its six-decade hold on power. Party leaders have promised to target both “tigers and flies,” or cadres up and down the power ladder, over graft.

Bet the Farm, Or Settle for Table Scraps? In this intriguing essay, Shanghai-based consultant Kaiser suggests that for foreign companies, the glory days are over, and the only two strategies left are to either fight for one of the top two positions in your industry (against what might be brutal competition) or accept that your market in China will be modest, picking up what others cannot.

I really enjoyed the essay, because I like contrarian thinking on business in China. But I have a couple of problems right out of the gate.

McKinsey Greater China – Even Chinese SOEs Are Getting Media Savvy **Their websites still suck though** I recall state-owned insurance company announcements as being completely dire in the past. A large semi-lit room, partly filled. Executives sitting at a desk reading a script they didn’t care about to an audience who didn’t really want to be there other than for the drinks available at the end. And always running late.

The new version involved floor to ceiling LCD screens, which projected what was on the screen of the sales agent’s iPad on the stage as she demonstrated an actual sale in real time during the event. The speeches were concise, on time, and delivered with enthusiasm. The back of the room had further iPads so that the journalists could try (and film themselves doing so) the apps.

Disillusioned office workers: China’s losers | The Economist But Mr Zhu considers himself a loser, not a winner. He earns 4,000 yuan ($650) a month after tax and says he feels like a faceless drone at work. He eats at the office canteen and goes home at night to a rented, 20-square-metre (215-square-foot) room in a shared flat, where he plays online games. He does not have a girlfriend or any prospect of finding one. “Lack of confidence”, he explains when asked why not. Like millions of others, he mockingly calls himself, in evocative modern street slang, a diaosi, the term for a loser that literally translates as “male pubic hair”. Figuratively it is a declaration of powerlessness in an economy where it is getting harder for the regular guy to succeed. Calling himself by this derisive nickname is a way of crying out, “like Gandhi”, says Mr Zhu, only partly in jest. “It is a quiet form of protest.”

Finance

How liquidity evaporates from China | South China Morning Post The difficulty of accurately calculating the mainland’s liquidity results from the unknown size of the shadow banking system in which non-banks borrow, lend and invest like a real bank but at market rates and outside the official regulated system. This market is calculated variously as 70 per cent of the mainland’s GDP, or 20 per cent of all credit.

But in reality, no one knows – except that it is significant. This black market has developed to allow market-based funding of smaller enterprises and individuals. It appears strange to have such a tightly regulated banking environment on the mainland when you can game the system so readily.

HEARD ON THE STREET: China’s Citic and the State Share Shuffle – WSJ.com Citic Group, a sprawling state conglomerate, laid out a more ambitious plan last month, with more details unveiled this week. The company will inject its entire $36 billion of assets—including businesses in finance, steel, publishing and more—into Citic Pacific, a Hong Kong-listed unit.

The listed company will pay mainly by issuing shares to the parent, but at a 6.5% premium to where they were trading before the announcement. The new assets will boost return on equity to 13% from 9%, partly because the old listed unit was weighed down by a struggling Australian iron-ore mine.

China eases M&A rules for insurers | Reuters China’s decision to partially relax mergers and acquisition rules in the insurance industry could see global insurance firms expand their footprint in the $288 billion market.

Beijing would allow insurers, including Chinese-based units of foreign insurance firms, to buy stakes in more than one peer that competes in the same market segment, according to a statement on the China Insurance Regulatory Commission’s (CIRC) website and dated last Friday.

RPT-Fitch Affirms Noble Group’s Guaranteed Bonds at ‘AAA(tha)’ | Reuters Fitch Ratings (Thailand) Limited has  affirmed Noble Group Limited’s (Noble; BBB-/Stable) THB2.85bn guaranteed bonds  due 2016 at National Long-Term ‘AAA(tha)’. The bonds, which are guaranteed by  Credit Guarantee and Investment Facility (CGIF), have a Stable Outlook.

Chinese banks are passing the buck | Business Spectator Outstanding non-performing loans soared 19.5 per cent in 2013 from 390 billion yuan ($67 billion) to 467 billion yuan, according to data disclosed by 12 major listed Chinese banks. During the same period, these 12 Chinese banks either transferred or wrote off 102 billion yuan worth of loans, an increase of 206 per cent compared to the same period last year, according to Caixin.

The outstanding non-performing loans of the big five major Chinese banks — the Industrial and Commercial bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China, Bank of China and the Construction Bank of China and Communication Bank of China — increased 16.1 per cent in 2013.

RPT-Fitch Affirms China Life at IFS ‘A+’; Outlook Stable | Reuters Fitch Ratings has affirmed China Life Insurance Company Limited’s (China Life) Insurer Financial Strength (IFS) Rating at ‘A+’.  The Outlook is Stable.

China to Cut Reserve Ratio for Some Rural Banks -Caijing Chinese Premier Li Keqiang Wednesday said reserve requirements would be relaxed for qualifying rural banks in a sign that more loosening policies are likely on the way.

The People’s Bank of China (PBoC) sets different reserve requirements for banks, depending in part on the size of their loan business. The ratio stands at 20 percent for China’s biggest banks, around 16 percent for smaller, rural banks.

Auto

Jaguar Land Rover to recall vehicles in China – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn Jaguar Land Rover Automotive Trading (Shanghai) will recall 1,923 vehicles mainly due to problems with their warning lights, China’s quality watchdog announced on Thursday.

The recall, from April 17, covers 1,909 imported 2014-edition Range Rover vehicles in the Chinese mainland, which were produced from May 7 to Oct. 10, 2013, said the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine.

5.12 Million China Commercial Vehicle Industry Growth in 2017 Forecasts a Research Report | SYS-CON MEDIA According to China Commercial Vehicle Industry Report, 2014-2017 sales volume of China’s commercial vehicles is estimated to register a CAGR of 6% in 2014-2017, and will reach 5.12 million in 2017. The development of the commercial vehicle industry is closely related to the macro economy. In 2013, the growth rate of China’s GDP fell to 7.7%, while commercial vehicle market experienced slow growth at the same time, with output and sales volume increasing by 7.6% and 6.4%, respectively.

Chinese auto brands limp into Beijing show – SFGate **This is not in the Five-Year Plan!** Facing intense competition from General Motors, Volkswagen and other global rivals, local brands such as Chery, Geely and SUV maker Great Wall have suffered shrinking sales and market share this year while China’s overall auto market has grown. That is a blow to Chinese leaders who have made it a national priority to catch up with neighboring Japan and South Korea by creating globally competitive automakers.

Ford to Start Selling Luxury Lincoln Cars in China Lincoln is a late comer to China’s luxury car market, but Robert Parker, president of Lincoln China, said the brand is being introduced here after thorough research.

At Lincoln dealerships, Chinese customers will be greeted with a waterfall, considered auspicious, and their new Lincoln car will have a custom fragrance pleasing to Chinese noses, Parker said.

Energy

China Shenhua Energy Company Limited (HKG:1088) More Than a Coal Company Morningstar analyst Zhao Hu says investors would be wise not to look at China Shenhua Energy Company Limited (HKG:1088) as only a coal story. Even if coal continues to underperform, Hu says China Shenhua’s other businesses will offset the negative impact.

China Shenhua is a little bit different than the other pure-play coal companies we cover primarily because of its vertical integration strategy,” Hu says. “The company recognized the coal sector’s volatility and was able to expand upward and downward into different sectors that include railway transportation, power generation as well as some shipping and port operations.”

CNOOC Limited Filed 2013 Annual Report on Form 20-F – Yahoo Finance CNOOC Limited (the “Company”, NYSE: CEO, SEHK: 00883, TSX: CNU) announced today it has filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) its 2013 annual report on Form 20-F (“annual report”) that included audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013.

The annual report is available on the Company’s website at www.cnoocltd.com as well as SEC′s website at www.sec.gov.

Sinopec Wins Dismissal Of $5B False Imprisonment Suit – Law360 A California federal judge on Tuesday tossed a Chinese foreign national’s $5.17 billion suit alleging China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., known as Sinopec Corp., colluded with the Chinese government to falsely imprison him, ruling the court did not have jurisdiction over the claims.
U.S. District Judge Beverley Reid O’Connell granted Sinopec’s motion to dismiss the July suit, which accused Sinopec officials of interrogating, threatening and ultimately having Tiangang Sun imprisoned for five years after he sued the company in China for breaching a pipeline contract

Your Industry News – Three International wind power exhibitions to take place in Shanghai in July 2014 **Would hope there is a major Scottish presence at these events. Wind power getting important there as oil declines** The Offshore Wind China Conference & Exhibition, the Wind Farm O&M China Conference & Exhibition and Distributed Generation China will take place concurrently at Shanghai Mart in Shanghai on 2-4 July 2014.

China Money Network − Yingli, Shanghai Sailing To Jointly Launch $160M Renewable Energy Fund New York Stock Exchange-listed Chinese solar panel producer Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Ltd. says that it has signed an agreement with Shanghai Sailing Capital Management to jointly form a renewable energy fund in Shanghai to invest in downstream solar energy projects in China, according to a company announcement.

The joint fund will have an initial size of approximately RMB1 billion ($160 million). Yingli China will commit around 51% of the total capital in several installments through its wholly owned affiliate in China.

PetroChina to Expand Installation of Honeywell Technologies to 30 Plants | Control Engineering Asia PetroChina Company Limited will expand its use of Honeywell advanced information management and process modeling software tools to 17 additional refining and petrochemical sites across China, to help meet the country’s growing demand for chemicals and transportation fuels. PetroChina currently uses Honeywell’s information solutions at 13 locations.

Telecoms

Alibaba unit to offer mobile phone service in China from June – Livemint The service will include voice and third-generation data packages on network capacity leased from all three state-owned carriers, according to Alizila, a website run by Alibaba. The packages will be sold through Alibaba’s Taobao and Tmall sites and can be paid for with Alipay, the company’s e-payment affiliate.

Alibaba, Tencent take rivalry to mobile network services | South China Morning Post Alibaba, the mainland’s biggest e-commerce service provider, said yesterday that it would launch 3G data and voice services in June through subsidiary HiChina, one of 19 companies licensed to operate as a mobile virtual network operator in the country.

The announcement, made through the Alizila website of Hangzhou-based Alibaba, followed reports earlier this month that online retail platform operator JD.com in which Tencent is a major shareholder, would launch its own mobile virtual network operator service next month.

ZTE Q1 profit grows – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn ZTE Corp, China’s second-biggest telecommunications equipment maker, said first-quarter profit matched its estimate after benefiting from the country’s introduction of 4G networks.

Net profit rose 204 percent to 622.2 million yuan ($100.01 million) from January to March, compared with an estimated range of 425 million yuan to 637 million yuan, the Shenzhen-based company said on Thursday.

China Unicom profits rise – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn China Unicom (Hong Kong) Ltd, the country’s second-biggest mobile carrier by subscribers, posted a 74 percent rise in first quarter net profits, beating estimates, as an increase in data usage offset a slowdown in subscriber growth.
China Unicom said on Thursday net profit from January to March was 3.3 billion yuan, higher than the 1.9 billion yuan in the same period one year ago.

Yahoo Still Set to Get Value From Alibaba After IPO – Bloomberg That’s because Yahoo, which owns about 24 percent of Alibaba, will still have a sizable chunk of the Chinese e-commerce company after it goes public as soon as this year. The Web portal is set to sell about 40 percent of its Alibaba stake in the initial public offering, leaving it with the majority of its holding. Yahoo can hang onto that piece indefinitely if it chooses.

Investors who had bought into Yahoo as a proxy for privately held Alibaba thus may not be tempted to dump the Web company’s shares — at least not right away. For Chief Executive Officer Marissa Mayer, who has relied on Yahoo’s Alibaba stake to boost the company’s share price, that may buy just enough time to accelerate a nascent sales rebound.

Xiaomi looks to steal thunder from OnePlus with launch of mysterious new gadget on same day, April 23 The mysterious device is set to launch on the same day as the OnePlus One, the new brand’s first ever phone. We doubt Xiaomi’s timing is unintentional as the OnePlus One phone is designed to compete with Xiaomi’s flagship phone, the Mi3.

Coolpad obtains fresh funds for 4G smartphone expansion | South China Morning Post Coolpad Group, the third-biggest smartphone supplier on the mainland, is poised to boost its 4G mobile phone development plans and global expansion with new financing worth as much as US$175 million.

Shenzhen-based Coolpad, formerly known as China Wireless Technologies, obtained yesterday a US$107 million, three-year loan facility through a syndicate of mostly Taiwanese banks, according to the firm’s filing with the Hong Kong stock exchange.

Property

Towers where no lights burn at heart of China’s puzzle – FT.com The main reason for the slowdown is a slump in fixed asset investment, the biggest driver of the Chinese economy.

The slide was largely owing to declining real estate investment, which also experienced its weakest growth in more than a decade. The situation is certain to get worse in the coming months as new housing floor space under construction contracted 27.2 per cent in the first quarter.

Why China Needs to Let More Companies Go Bankrupt – China Real Time Report – WSJ China needs to let more companies go bust.

That was the message from several executives at a real-estate conference in Shanghai on Thursday, as the latest string of loan defaults among real-estate developers and a small construction firm have some people talking about bankruptcy more freely.

Tech

China Money Network − Sina’s Weibo Downsized IPO By 21% To $286M Chinese social networking platform Weibo Corporation has raised $286 million by offering 16.8 million American Depository Shares (ADR) at $17 per share. The size of its IPO is 21% smaller than its initial target of of $380 million, according to an announcement.

Weibo gains 5% in Nasdaq trading debut – MarketWatch **I wouldn’t put money on Weibo** Shares in Weibo Corp were last up 5% on Thursday in their trading debut on the Nasdaq after initially dropping. Late Wednesday, the Chinese social-media company raised $286 million by offering 16.8 million U.S.-listed shares at $17, according to Renaissance Capital. That $17 price was at the low end of an expected range of $17 to $19.

As Weibo launches IPO, here are all the facts and stats you need to know In less than an hour, China’s top Twitter-esque social network, Sina Weibo (NASDAQ:WB), will launch its long-awaited IPO. As that happens, let’s look at all the facts and stats you need to know about Weibo.

Chinese graduates deepen hi-tech inroads | South China Morning Post The Chinese for more than a decade have been potent rivals to American and European manufacturers. Now, China is giving Westerners something new to worry about: a generation of workers able to compete in higher-technology endeavours. The aim is to develop service industries and shift from producing simple exports – often assembled from parts made elsewhere – to making a larger share of more sophisticated products.

Agriculture

China Says Nearly One-Fifth of Its Arable Land Is Polluted – WSJ.com **But doesn’t say what constitutes “polluted” or “highly polluted”** Nearly one-fifth of China’s arable land is polluted, China’s environmental ministry said. The new report confirms the worst fears of environmentalists and researchers about the effects of decades of rapid industrialization on the country’s soil.

The release of the report Wednesday shed unexpected light on the scale of China’s environmental problem. Environmental authorities had previously declined to disclose national soil pollution data, calling it a “state secret.”

Retail

China backs away from price controls on basic drugs | Reuters **Healthcare in China is FUBAR** China has backtracked on its policy of capping retail prices on medicines and will allow pharmaceutical companies to set prices for some drugs, after criticism that controls had caused a drug drought that derailed treatment for millions of patients.

Beijing has been struggling with rising healthcare costs, violent conflicts between patients and doctors and medicine safety issues, and President Xi Jinping has said providing affordable, accessible healthcare is a government priority.

Gap sees China sales tripling to $1b in three years – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn The push comes as Gap Inc tries to become less reliant on North America, where it generates 84 percent of its sales. North American sales have cooled of late at Gap Inc’s three major brands, which also include Banana Republic.

 

Posted from Diigo.

China Stock Watch 15/4/14

Economy Finance Auto Infrastructure Energy Telecoms Property Travel Tech Agriculture Retail

Economy

China Business Leaders Hedge Bets on Xi Jinping – WSJ.com Without the support of entrepreneurs to drive innovation and create jobs Mr. Xi’s reforms will falter. He needs them to help shake up complacent state monopolies in areas like energy, banking and telecommunications, just as they’ve revolutionized the retail sector through e-commerce.

Right now, though, they’re on the fence. That’s the message coming from the business elites who gather in this southern resort each year at the Boao Forum for Asia.

China forex reserves hit 3.95 trln US dollars – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) said on Tuesday that China’s foreign exchange reserves hit 3.95 trillion US dollars at the end of March.

The figure was 130 billion US dollars more than that at the end of 2013, according to the bank

Shanghai zone in search of identity[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn The central government has pinned its hopes on the Shanghai FTZ to test policies for national financial reform and to better prepare China for regional free-trade frameworks, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Party chief Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang have reiterated on different occasions that Shanghai should try out practices that will further the nation’s integration into global trade.

But the Shanghai government has been taking a wait-and-see attitude.

China new bank loans rise to 1.05 trillion yuan – MarketWatch China’s banks stepped up their lending in March, just as Beijing tried to hold the line on its shadow-banking sector amid fears of growing financial risk.

The country’s financial institutions issued 1.05 trillion yuan ($168.8 billion) in new yuan loans in March–up from 644.5 billion yuan in February and slightly above the 1 trillion yuan forecast of economists polled by The Wall Street Journal, data from the central bank showed Tuesday.

Why Chinese Stimulus May Not Be a Good Thing This, coupled with more conservative growth expectations (currently set at 7.5% growth versys last year’s 7.7% expectation), has some economists fearing that China will suffer a wave of credit defaults similar to the Lehman Brothers meltdown several years ago in the U.S. Several economists even contend that it’s time for China to reverse its anti-stimulus policies and save its economic gains by propping up ailing industries.

This may be something of an overreaction. China’s economy is still strong and has a few things going for it that most people are overlooking.

Harbin seeks to promote economic ties with Russia – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn The province, sharing a 2,981-km-long border with Russia, should not rest on its laurels with the already prosperous border trade, said Lu Hao, governor of Heilongjiang province.

Lu stressed that Heilongjiang should take advantage of Harbin’s Russia-friendly environment and its ability to further boost ties with the country.

Finance

Where Are the Big Five Headed? — Beijing Review However, there has been a slowdown in profit growth in all but one of the Big Five. ICBC, the world’s biggest bank in assets, registered 263 billion yuan ($42 billion) in net profits in 2013, up 10.2 percent from 2012. But this growth rate is much lower than the 14.5 percent in 2012. BOCOM saw the sharpest decline in profit growth, from 15.05 percent in 2012 to 6.73 percent in 2013.

A research report from Deloitte predicted that Chinese banks may have entered an era featuring single-digit profit increases.

China Rate Swap Slides to One-Month Low as New Lending Declines – Bloomberg The one-year rate swap, the fixed payment needed to receive the floating seven-day repurchase rate, fell seven basis points, or 0.07 percentage point, to 4.05 percent as of 1:01 p.m. in Shanghai, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It reached 4.04 percent, the lowest level since March 14.

Rules on Chinese trust firms tightened | South China Morning Post Trust companies are non-bank lenders that raise funds by selling high-yielding investments known as wealth management products and use the proceeds to fund loans to risky borrowers such as property developers, local governments and others to whom banks are reluctant to lend.

The new rules from the China Banking Regulatory Commission aim to reduce liquidity risks associated with off-balance-sheet WMPs by forbidding trusts from operating so-called fund pools that enable them to fund cash payouts on maturing products with the proceeds from new WMP sales.

China Money Network − Shunwei Capital Targets $525M For Two New Funds Founded in 2011 by Tuck Lye Koh, Shunwei is a China-focused venture capital firm primarily focused on early to mid-stage start-ups in China’s Internet and technology industry.

The firm currently runs one fund with over $200 million, according to its LinkedIn profile.

Two-way through train better for mainland investors, brokers | South China Morning Post The through train is back on, and this time not filled with passengers on their way to financial ruin.

The Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect scheme, due to begin in October, is a two-way stock trading programme designed to keep a good portion of the benefits on the mainland. Hong Kong stockbrokers are already griping that Shanghai will get the bulk of the glory and commissions.

Auto

Peugeot Sets Out Recovery Plan: ‘Back in the Race’ – WSJ.com Dongfeng Motor and the French state are each contributing €800 million as part of a planned €3 billion capital increase aimed at helping the company develop its sales and presence in China and southeast Asia. Peugeot said it also plans to target new growth markets in Africa and the Mediterranean basin. However, a shorter-term priority has been set to make its loss-making operations in Russia and Latin America profitable by 2016.

African success revs for auto firm – Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn The brand FAW may not ring a bell with most people outside China, but it certainly strikes a chord on South African roads.

China’s oldest vehicle manufacturer has been carving an indelible impression in South Africa since 1994 with its range of affordable heavy-duty trucks and other commercial vehicles. Next, if things go according to plan, it will start making passenger vehicles in Port Elizabeth on South Africa’s southern coast.

Infrastructure

New railway tour route to link China, six countries – Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn A railway tour route that connects China with six countries in Asia and Europe will open in July, local media reported Monday.

The tour, which costs 32,000 yuan ($5,148) per person, will take tourists to historical and natural scenic spots in Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Austria and the Czech Republic, according to a report in the Metro Express.

Analysis and Forecast of China AFC (Automatic Fare Collection System) Industry,… — DUBLIN, April 14, 2014 /PR Newswire UK/ — With the acceleration of subway and high-speed rail investment and construction in China, China’s Automatic Fare Collection equipment market also ushers in a new round of rapid growth during 2011 to 2020. By 2015, the operating mileage of China’s rail transit will reach more than 3,000 km and will reach 6,000 km by 2020, which will need the investment amount of about CNY 3 trillion to CNY 4 trillion. In 2013, the market scale of AFC will reach CNY 4.2 billion and it will achieve CNY 6 billion by 2017, among which, the urban rail transit AFC application will be CNY 3.5 billion and the high-speed rail field will be CNY 2.5 billion. The market prospect is broad.

Firm wins part of lucrative roads upgrade project – Fiji Times Online THE first contract for work on the Nadi and Suva roads upgrading project has been awarded to China Railway 5th.

Energy

CNPC Pushes ahead with Controversial Sichuan Refinery Project – The project’s troubles started in 2008, when a large earthquake struck Sichuan. Later that year, a series of protests halted production.

The facility was back in the headlines this year because of a corruption probe. The Communist Party’s anti-graft watchdog accused Li Dongsheng, the former general manager of the Pengzhou facility, of illegal bidding related to the project.

China Inc joins the big league in oil and gas services | Reuters Global oil companies are increasingly turning to China for services and equipment, attracted by lower costs and a newly acquired expertise that is challenging more established rivals.

State-run and privately controlled Chinese rig makers, oil and gas services and engineering firms are showing up in the supply chain everywhere from the Middle East, the North Sea and North America to frontier areas like Mozambique.

CNPC and affiliate employees probed on graft allegations|Politics|chinadaily.com.cn At least 45 people related to China National Petroleum Corp, the country’s largest oil and gas producer and supplier, have been investigated over graft allegations from last year until this month, Beijing Times reported.

Among them, 21 are current or former managers of CNPC, and the other 24 are not company employees but have business with the company, the report said.

PetroChina Company Limited Upgraded by Credit Suisse to “Neutral” (PTR) | Zolmax PetroChina Company Limited (NYSE:PTR) was upgraded by research analysts at Credit Suisse from an “underperform” rating to a “neutral” rating in a report released on Monday, Stock Ratings Network reports.

Shares of PetroChina Company Limited (NYSE:PTR) opened at 114.22 on Monday. PetroChina Company Limited has a one year low of $94.75 and a one year high of $132.19. The stock has a 50-day moving average of $105.7 and a 200-day moving average of $108.8. The company has a market cap of $209.0 billion and a price-to-earnings ratio of 10.11.

Tesla’s charge into China may get Sinopec boost – The Technology Chronicles Billionaire CEO Elon Musk reportedly is visiting the world’s most populous country this month to talk to China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., or Sinopec, about building charging units in Sinopec gas stations, Chinese media reported Monday. Sinopec, one of the country’s largest refiners, would first offer charging stations in Beijing.

Sunshine Oilsands seeking new equity issue to restart construction at stalled West Ells project | Financial Post Sunshine Oilsands Ltd., the Alberta oil sands startup backed by Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs), will ask shareholders in a special meeting in Hong Kong Tuesday for permission to issue more equity so it can restart construction of its stalled West Ells project.

Site approval for Chinese AP1000 plant The Xudabao site in China’s Liaoning province has been approved for the construction of the first two of six AP1000 units planned there.

The site of the proposed Xudabao nuclear power plant is in Xingcheng City on the island of Hulu, in the northeast of the coastal province of Liaoning. While the initial phase of the project will comprise two AP1000s, a further four such units are planned for the site.

Property

Housing Trouble Grows in China – WSJ.com Economists have worried for years that China is setting itself up for a housing-market bust. In big international cities like Beijing and Shanghai, prices continue to rise. But evidence is mounting that in dozens of third- and fourth-tier Chinese cities rarely visited by foreigners, overbuilding is out of control and a major property-market slowdown is now under way.

Chinese land price growth slows – Xinhua | English.news.cn The average price of land in 105 monitored Chinese cities stood at 3,412 yuan (554 U.S. dollars) per square meter in the first quarter of 2014, up 1.89 percent from the previous quarter, a report said on Tuesday.

The price growth saw a decrease of 0.17 percentage points from the previous quarter. It also marked a first cutback after land price growth expanded for seven consecutive quarters, according to the report released by the China Land Surveying and Planning Institute.

Travel

Rise of China’s budget airlines – news – travel | Stuff.co.nz China’s first low-cost airline has been profitable since 2006, its first full year of operation, but the budget aviation market is about to get a lot more competitive as the government moves to promote low-cost travel to meet a surge in demand from an increasingly wealthier population.

Over the last 18 months, Spring has been joined by two new competitors. China’s big state-backed carriers are also looking at launching budget carriers, a strategy industry executives say would be an additional boon to plane makers Airbus Group and Boeing.

China Money Network − Hony-Backed NetJets Plans Mid-Year Launch Of China Service Global private aviation firm NetJets Inc. says that it is preparing to begin its China business once government approval is finalized, according to a company announcement.

NetJets, a Berkshire Hathaway company, is hiring employees in China, partnering with vendors and positioning aircraft to the Chinese market. It expects government certification to be granted mid-year in 2014.

Tech

Tiny Chinese startup gets $29 million in funding to emulate Xiaomi, build a smartphone Chinese software maker Smartisan has secured RMB 150 million (US$24 million) in funding to help the small, largely unknown startup launch a smartphone.

The funding hasn’t been confirmed or detailed yet, notes 36Kr, but Smartisan’s Luo Yonghao stated publicly on his Sina Weibo account that its first ever phone will be unveiled on May 20. There’s no word yet on the hardware, but it’ll cost around RMB 3,000 (US$487).

P2P Lending Service Ppdai Gets Millions of Dollars Series B Funding for Risk Control | TechNode Chinese P2P lending service Ppdai recently announced that it has raised millions of dollars in Series B financing led by LightSpeed China Partners, Noah Private Wealth Management and existing investor Sequoia Capital. The company has received $25 million of Series A funding from Sequoia Capital in last December. The capital raised this time will be used in the credit system and team construction.

Will Intel’s China Push Pay Off? (INTC) In a declining PC market, Intel (NASDAQ: INTC) needs to increase its tablet processor market share, and it’s looking at China to make it happen. That’s why the company hosted its Developer Forum in Shenzhen, China, this year, and is spending $100 million on an innovation fund in the country.

But despite Intel’s efforts to do business with Chinese tablet vendors, it is facing fierce competition from both small chipmakers in China that use ARM Holdings‘ (NASDAQ: ARMH) chip designs.

LinkedIn’s obstacle in China isn’t censorship, it’s culture One Chinese audience member at the forum posed a particularly insightful question to Shen: In a society where people guard their close connections and often keep their professional contacts a secret, how will LinkedIn get users to open up and share their professional network with the world?

China and “Datathermal Energy” China is a natural place for the development of data-thermal energy. The country is early enough in the cycle of development for data centers to start designing its largest server farms to capture and channel heat efficiently. And scale will not be an issue in China. Leaving out government-run data centers entirely, some commercial data centers, like one 6.3 million square-foot beast under construction in Langfang just outside of Beijing, will have more floor space than the Pentagon.

Agriculture

Two Chinese executives awarded $600m for US pork deal | Business | theguardian.com Two executives at the Chinese company that bought the US firm Smithfield Foods, the world’s biggest pork producer, last September have been awarded more than $600m (£360m) of shares for their part in the $4.9bn deal.

WH Group and some of its shareholders launched an initial public offering for up to $5.3bn in Hong Kong last week, the second biggest ever listing by a food and beverage company.

Chinese pork giant plans IPO | Business Spectator China’s WH Group said late on Monday it was selling 3.65 million shares priced at between 8 and 11.25 Hong Kong dollars ($A1.10 -$A1.55).

That would raise between $US4.1 billion and $US5.3 billion for WH Group, formerly known as Shuanghui International Holdings.

Retail

Sanpower House Of Fraser purchase ‘shows ambition'[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn Once again a world-famous brand has been surprisingly snapped up by a relatively unknown Chinese company. This time it is Nanjing-based Sanpower Group which launched a successful 450 million ($750.47 million) takeover of House of Fraser, one of Britain’s best-known retail store brands.

Nippon Paint tops C-BPI polls for second consecutive year – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn The China-Brand Power Index (C-BPI) is the most trusted brand-evaluating system used by consumers and companies. The China Brand Research Center conducted its 2014 C-BPI survey covering 30 cities nationwide to examine brand awareness and loyalty among 13,500 people aged from 15 to 60. Covering 170 sectors, a total of 7,600 mainstream brands were included in the evaluation. In the “household goods” category, Nippon Paint China topped other companies in the “interior paint” and “wood coatings” categories.

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China Business Briefs 1/2/14

I am experimenting with dividing the day’s links by business area. Any feedback on this will be gratefully received.

Economy   Finance   Auto   Infrastructure   Energy   Telecoms   Travel   Property   Tech   Food

Economy

China factory output slows in January – FT.com The gauge dropped from 50.5 in December to 49.5 in January, a slight downward revision from the 49.6 reported in the “flash” PMI last week. A figure above 50 indicates expansion. The January figure marks the first contraction in the sector for six months.

China Manufacturing Gauge Falls to Six-Month Low – Bloomberg The Purchasing ManagersIndex (EC11CHPM) was at 50.5, the National Bureau of Statistics and China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing said today in Beijing. That matched the 50.5 median estimate of analysts surveyed by Bloomberg News and compared with December’s 51 reading. Numbers above 50 signal expansion.

Many Local Gov’ts Aim for Lower GDP Growth This Year – Most of the local governments that have announced their GDP targets for this year aimed lower than they did in 2013, citing the need to rebalance the economy and improve the quality of growth. Many missed their growth targets last year.

The announcements were made after the governments of 28 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions held their annual lianghui, or meetings of the provincial legislature and political advisory body, in January. The provinces of Anhui, Hunan and Hainan have not yet held the meetings.

China’s loan sharks circle in murky shadow bank waters – Yahoo Singapore Finance China’s crackdown on risky lending has driven borrowers into an even darker place in their search for capital – underground banking.

The domain of loan sharks, underground lending is the least regulated area of China’s shadow banking, or non-banking, sector and for some it is seen as the biggest risk to China’s financial stability.

Why China’s Factories Will Automate – Silicon Hutong In the coming decades, China will go from being “THE factory floor” to “A factory floor.” Many things will force that change – a shrinking pool of workers, growing local opportunities in services, tightening environmental regulations, and more expensive energy. The economics, in short, will change, and so must industrial China.

Chinese prefer buying German, British companies: study – Xinhua | English.news.cn Germany and Britain are by far the most popular investment destinations of Chinese investors, a study showed on Friday.

According to the study of the economic consultancy Ernst & Young published Friday in Dusseldorf, Chinese investors have made 25 acquisitions in 2013 in Germany and Britain respectively.

Finance

Economic danger lurks in China’s shadow banks – FT.com Hence China’s uncomfortable predicament. Because the government was unwilling to see Credit Equals Gold No. 1 collapse, fears of an imminent economic meltdown are overblown. But for precisely the same reason China’s debt powder keg is only getting more tightly packed.

Distrust of China’s Trusts – WSJ.com It would be a mistake for Beijing to overreact now by simply clamping down on trusts, which perform some useful functions. The best prudential regulation is not about blanket bans on particular products, but rather looking for signs of dysfunction and getting ahead of the problem. The explosion of trust products suggests that the Chinese financial system needs new conduits for capital outside the banks. The challenge is to make sure that they are transparent, well regulated and free of any expectation of government bailouts.

Rating agencies criticise China’s bailout of failed $500m trust – FT.com Global rating agencies – often among the more sanguine voices on China – have warned that this week’s bailout of a soured $500m trust loan was a wasted chance to address rising moral hazard in the country’s shadow banking sector.

“By bailing out investors in this particular instance, the authorities are perpetuating moral hazard within the Chinese financial system – and this risk may in fact have become a whole lot bigger,” wrote Jonathan Cornish, an analyst at Fitch, in a research report. “We think the authorities have missed a chance of putting a clear marker in the sand that non-bank products would certainly not be supported.”

China’s top lender ICBC to add Peru to expanding Latin America operations China’s ICBC, the country’s top lender, will start operating in Peru next week as part of a bid to finance local exporters while expanding its operations in South America, the Lima stock exchange said on Wednesday.

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, one of the largest banks in the world in terms of assets, secured a license to operate in Peru last year and will start lending to Peruvian companies – particularly exporters – as of Feb. 6, the exchange said in a statement.

Audit in their hands: what China can tell us about rotation – 30 Jan 2014 – Accountancy Age TRADE with China makes headlines. But along with trade has come mounting pressure on audit in the country everyone wants to do business with. Last year saw the results from the first wave of companies forced to rotate their auditors in what is an important step for Chinese corporate integrity.

The move has been closely watched and the first tentative conclusions are already being drawn from what many see an experiment in the management of audit provision. What will it do to the concentration of high-profile audits in the hands of the Big Four? How will it affect the price of audit? And what can the rest of the world learn from the experience?

Standard sells stake in London business to ICBC | Financial Services | BDlive STANDARD Bank has sold its controlling stake in its London-based global markets business to the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) as part of its strategy to focus on its African operations.

Africa’s largest banker announced on Wednesday it had sold 60% of the ordinary share capital of its London-based Standard Bank plc.

China’s banks: fighting back against online upstarts | beyondbrics Whether such yields from the money market funds are sustainable is open to question – and security is still a concern for some. Nonetheless, the traditional national banks have been forced to address the challenge, adding pressure to their share prices despite their still-strong earnings.

Shares of 12 banks out of 16 A-share listed Chinese banks have fallen below their net asset value per share. Jiang Jian Qing, chairman of ICBC argued at Davos that it was caused by China-bashing stories about non-performing loans and shadow banking rather than healthy fundamentals.

ICBC and Standard Bank: Limited partnership | The Economist Yet the match—the biggest foreign investment by a Chinese firm at the time—has not quite lived up to expectations. Revenues that could clearly be credited to it seemed slow in coming; then Standard Bank gave up looking for them. In spite of the growing Chinese presence in Africa, Standard Bank never secured the fees and bragging rights that arranging a Chinese takeover of an African firm or a big infrastructure investment would have brought.

China Money Network − Banyan Capital Completes First China Venture Fund Of $206M China-focused venture firm Banyan Capital has completed final closing of its first venture capital fund, Banyan Partners Fund I, on January 8 raising a total of $206 million, according to a company announcement.

The fund had two months of marketing period, and attracted over 40 investors from the world including entrepreneurs, family offices, fund-of-funds, foundations and other institutional investors from greater China and the U.S.

China Money Network − JD.com Files For $1.5B US IPO Beijing-headquartered Chinese e-commerce operator JD.com, Inc. has filed for a U.S. initial public offering, according to a filing with the U.S. securities regulator.

JD.com plans to raise up to $1.5 billion, and has not decided which stock exchange it will list.

Auto

Ford Recalls Edge SUVs in China – January 31, 2014 – Zacks.com Ford Motor Co. has decided to recall 13,493 Edge SUVs in China to repair faulty fuel systems, according to Reuters. Inferior quality of the fuel pulsation damper used in the vehicles might crack and lead to fuel leakage. This may eventually lead to fire.

Discounts yield rebound for foreign car sales – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn Vehicle imports grew 7.3 percent to 1.17 million last year, with a strong rebound in the fourth quarter helping make up for a decline in the first half, China Automobile Trading Co Ltd said.

That was the first contraction since 2006, when China implemented its World Trade Organization commitment to lower the import tariff for vehicles to 25 percent.

SGMW honor Autoliv China with supplier of the year Award – MarketWatch At SGMW’s 2013 supplier conference and award ceremony held on in Guilin China, Mr. Shen Yang President of SGMW presented Autoliv China with the “Excellent supplier award”. This is Autoliv China’s third consecutive year to be named by SGMW following “the best quality award” in 2011 and “the best platform award” in 2012.

Infrastructure

allAfrica.com: Africa: Tanzania Becoming the New Chinese Province in Africa “Compared to the West, on my opinion, the Chinese are the best investors, we are quite sure the projects will succeed as there will be no politicizing,” he adds.

Energy

BP shelves China refinery plan as fuel demand slows BP is dropping plans to invest in a refinery in China, three sources with direct knowledge said, the fourth refining project in recent months to fall foul of a slowdown in growth in the world’s second-largest economy.

China’s fuel consumption rose at the slowest clip in more than 20 years in 2013, ending a decade of rapid demand growth that drove global oil prices to over $100 a barrel and made gaining access to China’s restricted retail market a mouth-watering prospect for international oil firms.

Sinopec to co-operate in Hong Kong graft probe | South China Morning Post China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation, also known as Sinopec, has said it is co-operating with Hong Kong authorities in an anti-graft probe, media reports said.

The state-owned company would not tolerate any illegal or corrupt conduct, it said in a statement made through a public relations agency to Bloomberg News. It added that operations were not affected and it considered the inquiries to relate to the “individual conduct” of unspecified staff, according to the statement.

China sets new world record for solar installations | Jennifer Duggan | Environment | theguardian.com China installed a record 12GW of solar power in 2013, doubling its rate of solar installations, according to preliminary figures. This is more than has ever been installed by any country in a single year and means that China installed three times more solar energy in 2013 than the total UK solar capacity.

China’s first direct coal liquefaction line produces 866,000 tonnes – Xinhua | English.news.cn China’s first direct coal-to-oil project, operated by the country’s leading coal producer, Shenhua Group, produced 866,000 tonnes of oil products last year.

The direct coal liquefaction line is located in Ejin Horo Banner, Ordos City in northern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It produces 3,000 tonnes of oil products with consumption of nearly 10,000 tonnes of coal per day, said Shenhua Coal Liquefaction and Chemical Co., Ltd.

Chinese firms introducing new forms of energy into Ethiopia – Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn|china|news|chinanews|ecns|cns HydroChina is representative of the Chinese infrastructure enterprises that are building roads, bridges and housing in Ethiopia, catering to the country’s construction boom.

They didn’t stride into the promising but remote market alone; instead, they tapped into Ethiopia through Chinese government foreign aid projects.

China Resources Seeks Lenders for HK$6.4 Billion Syndicated Loan – Bloomberg China Resources Power Holdings Co. (836) is seeking bank commitments for a HK$6.4 billion ($824 million) syndicated loan after hiring banks to arrange the deal, according to two people familiar with the matter.

The state-owned power generator will use the five-year facility to refinance debt and for general purposes, the people said, asking not to be identified because the details are private. It’s asking lenders to commit by Feb. 21, they said.

Telecoms

There really has been a mass exodus of Sina Weibo users With over 60 million daily active users as of November (though some of those could be ghost accounts), Sina Weibo doesn’t appear to be dead just yet. And when the company reports staggering numbers of tweets during Spring Festival or New Year’s Eve, one is reminded that it’s still a powerful player in Chinese social media. But at the very least, Sina Weibo’s heydey of scandals uncovered and corruption exposed appears to be grinding to a halt.

Travel

Outlook bright for low-cost carriers in China|WantChinaTimes.com Chinese budget carrier Spring Airlines saw stellar annual results in 2013, with regulators approving an application for the company to set up a low cost carrier (LCC), signaling a different stage in China’s aviation sector, the Beijing-based Securities Daily reports.

The future of China’s LCC market seems to be bright after the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) recently approved two applications to set up new carriers, including an LCC to be based in Guangzhou.

Property

Keeping the lid on housing prices – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn Nobel laureate and Yale University professor Robert Shiller was one of the first global economists to talk about the runaway risks in China’s spiraling property prices, a matter that has been of considerable interest in China recently.Shiller, well known for his insights on global asset prices and extended research work on behavioral finance, macroeconomics and real estate, had during a visit to China mentioned that property prices were moving at a “dangerously high” pace. That comment, highly controversial back then, seems even more controversial now, given that real estate prices across most of China have increased by more than 50 percent, and by more than 100 percent in a few high-profile markets.Travel

Tech

Lenovo CEO Reshapes Chinese PC Maker With Deal Spree – Bloomberg In the span of a week, the chief executive officer of China’s Lenovo Group Ltd. (992) cut the two biggest deals in his company’s history. He’s spending a combined $5 billion to buy Google Inc. (GOOG)’s Motorola mobile-phone business and International Business Machines Corp. (IBM)’s low-end server business.

How Lenovo Built a Chinese Tech Giant – WSJ.com China’s Lenovo Group Ltd., once known as Legend, grew from a tiny government-funded venture in the 1980s to a global powerhouse that last year became the No. 1 personal-computer maker in the world.

With its proposed $2.91 billion purchase of Google Inc.’s unprofitable Motorola Mobility handset business, Lenovo is making a risky bet it can replicate that success in smartphones.

3 Reasons Lenovo’s Purchase of Motorola Will Succeed Where Google Failed (LNVGY) There are doubts regarding Lenovo’s ability to revive the Motorola brand, which at its peak (2006) accounted for 22% of the mobile phone market, but I truly believe that Lenovo will do a much better job than Google at rebuilding the fallen brand’s reputation in the mobile marketplace.

Let’s take a look at the three top reasons:

Lenovo’s Purchase of Motorola an Exercise in Buying Brands | China Briefing News Amongst all the recent hype of Chinese outbound investment going to the United States comes the news that Lenovo have purchased Motorola from Google for US$2.9 billion. I’m not a great believer in the stories of Chinese manufacturers heading in droves to buy up struggling American or European businesses – China has emerging Asia right on its doorstep and is investing heavily in these countries both for sound business and political incentives. I wouldn’t be expecting Motorola’s plants in the States to be undergoing mass transformation and expansion anytime soon.

In fact, what we are really seeing is a well planned out, but longer term strategy, consistent with emerging Asian entrepreneurs as a whole: the buying of brands that the West no longer knows what to do with, and the re-positioning of them for the Asian – not Western – markets.

Food

New Zealand’s exports to China soar 45 per cent on demand for dairy | South China Morning Post Figures released on Friday by Statistics New Zealand show that China surpassed Australia for the first time on an annual basis as New Zealand’s top export market.

In 2013, China imported US$8.1 billion worth of New Zealand goods, up from US$5.6 billion the previous year. About 40 per cent of those imports were of milk powder.

France’s truffle farmers aim to stop inferior Chinese fungi getting a sniff | World news | theguardian.com When is a black truffle not a €1,000-a-kilo rare French fungus? When it fails the smell test.

In their battle to see off competition from pale and cheap Chinese imitations, French trufficulteurs (truffle cultivators, as they like to be known), have enlisted the help of scientists.

China Overtakes France, Italy as World’s Biggest Red Wine Consumer – China Real Time Report – WSJ The country, including the wine hub of Hong Kong, consumed 155 million nine-liter cases (1.87 billion bottles) of red wine in 2013, according to new research released this week. The report was commissioned by Vinexpo, a Bordeaux-based wine industry conference, and conducted by the International Wine & Spirit Research, an independent research firm for the liquor trade.

The total marks a 136% increase from five years ago and surpasses France’s 150 million cases and Italy’s 141 million cases of red wine consumed in the same year. What’s more, red wine consumption in China almost tripled between 2007 and 2013, while it decreased 18% in France and 5.8% in Italy.<

Posted from Diigo.

China Stock Watch 24/1/14

Stock performance was mixed today, after the sharp ups and downs of the past week. Ten rose on the day, with Dongfeng Motor easily the best of them, up 2.98% to HK$11.74, on news of approval of a joint venture with Volvo; none of the other nine put on more than 1%, though SAIC Motor came closest, appreciating by 0.92% to RMB13.92.

Declines were led by Noble Group, down 2.55% to SG$0.955, helping make it the second worst performer over the week (see below), and Ping An Insurance, down 1.12% to RMB40.54.

The stories of the tax haven accounts does not seem to have particularly disturbed Chinese stocks, despite revelations concerning Sinopec and PetroChina, for example. The dump of 37,000 documents pertaining to offshore accounts from China, Hong Kong and Taiwan will take time to comb through, and one should be prepared from more stories blowing up over the coming weeks (if the Guardian and co are doing their job properly). Yet I somehow wonder how much of a problem this will be for the biggest Chinese stocks. If their biggest shareholders are institutional investors, such as state pension funds etc, then the expectation of a “shareholder revolt” can be forgotten. It would simply be too embarrassing for the party. This is not to say that executives won’t be punished, but a full-frontal assault bringing up awkward details is not the party’s style.

The Shanghai Composite closed at 2,054.39, gaining 12.21 points (+0.60%).

Name Price Change Mkt cap 52wk high 52wk low EPS P/E
Sinopec 4.6 +0.02 (0.44%) 536,200.43M 7.03 4.05 CN¥0.62 7.48
PetroChina 7.62 0.00 (0.00%) 1.39B 9.5 7.08 CN¥0.68 11.28
ICBC 3.4 0.00 (0.00%) 1.19B 4.53 3.38 CN¥0.74 4.62
China Construction Bank 3.92 0.00 (0.00%) 980,043.05M 5.19 0 CN¥0.85 4.63
Agricultural Bank 2.37 +0.01 (0.42%) 769,762.02M 3.28 2.35 CN¥0.50 4.72
Bank of China 2.5 +0.02 (0.81%) 698,411.38M 3.26 2.45 CN¥0.53 4.71
China Mobile 76.40* -0.60 (-0.78%) 1.54B 89.2 74.9 HK$8.20 9.31
Noble Group 0.955 -0.025 (-2.55%) 6,328.86M 1.27 0.785 SGD0.04 26.13
China State Construction 3.04 +0.02 (0.66%) 91,200.00M 4.18 2.9 CN¥0.62 4.94
CNOOC 12.72* -0.02 (-0.16%) 567,915.65M 16.52 12.04 HK$1.89 6.71
China Railway Construction 4.24 +0.01 (0.24%) 52,311.17M 6.25 3.95 CN¥0.84 5.04
China Railway Group 2.46 +0.01 (0.41%) 52,397.75M 3.36 2.3 CN¥0.44 5.61
SAIC Motor 13.19 +0.12 (0.92%) 145,427.22M 19 11.83 CN¥2.05 6.43
China Life Insurance 14.36 -0.15 (-1.03%) 405,881.15M 22 12.88 CN¥0.97 14.86
Dongfeng Motor 11.74* +0.34 (2.98%) 101,153.25M 13.28 9.48 HK$1.38 8.52
China Shenhua 14.37 +0.12 (0.84%) 285,813.84M 25.28 13.97 CN¥2.25 6.38
Ping An Insurance 40.54 -0.46 (-1.12%) 320,920.41M 53.27 31.69 CN¥3.45 11.75
China Telecom 3.68* +0.02 (0.55%) 297,831.12M 4.4 3.48 HK$0.26 14.23
China Communications Construction 3.86 0.00 (0.00%) 62,434.48M 5.79 3.74 CN¥0.81 4.77
Bank of Communications 3.74 0.00 (0.00%) 277,742.60M 5.68 3.65 CN¥0.84 4.44

Week’s Movers

For a change, more stocks rose over the week (twelve) than fell (five). Transport and infrastructure stocks did best – with SAIC Motor gaining 5.69%, China Railway Group 3.36% and China Railway Construction 3.16%, while China State Construction put on 2.36%. As we’ve consistently seen in the business briefs, Chinese companies are busy constructing roads, harbours and rail throughout Africa, central Asia and increasingly in Europe, too.

CNOOC led the fallers, precipitated by missing annual production targets, and for the third year in a row, losing 8.88% over the week.

risers

fallers

China Business Briefs 24/1/14

ECONOMY

China races to prevent trust loan default – FT.com Chinese authorities are racing to prevent the default of a soured $500m high-yield investment trust, in a closely watched test case for the country’s shadow banking sector.

Local media reported on Thursday that the Shanxi provincial government is considering helping fund a bailout of the trust loan after ICBC, which distributed the product through its branches, said last week it would not provide a backstop. However, Time-Weekly, a state-owned newspaper, reported that the bank – the world’s biggest by assets – and the product issuer China Credit Trust will also be asked to chip in.

China’s First Default Is Coming: Here’s What To Expect | Zero Hedge So with under 10 days to go, for anyone who is still confused about the role of trusts in China’s financial system, a default’s significance, the underlying causes, the implications for the broad economy, and what the possible outcomes of the CCT product default are, here is Goldman’s Q&A on a potential Chinese trust default.

The People’s Money: The Benefits of Default – WSJ.com So far, Chinese investors who bought fixed-income wealth-management products have enjoyed higher returns than bank deposits offer, without suffering any losses. But that looks to be changing now, as a slowing economy starts to expose the weakness in the system, and the Chinese government may not want to absorb all the losses.

China’s Big Four banks raise their lending: report – MarketWatch China’s top four state-owned banks extended 440 billion yuan ($72.7 billion) of new loans in the first 20 days of January, according to a report by the 21st Century Business Herald on Thursday.

In January 2013, Chinese banks extended a total of 1.07 trillion yuan in new loans. The total amount this January is expected to exceed 1 trillion yuan, according to the report.

The top four banks–Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd. (1398.HK), China Construction Bank Corp. (0939.HK), Agricultural Bank of China Ltd. (1288.HK) and Bank of China Ltd. (3988.HK) — typically account for about 30% of total lending in China.

China PBOC Injects Another CNY120 Bln For New Year Holiday | MNI The People’s Bank of China injected another CNY120 billion into the interbank system on Thursday, bringing the total addition of funds via its open market operations this week to CNY375 billion.

Today’s injection, transacted via 21-day reverse repos, follows the CNY255 billion added on Tuesday and the bank’s notice that it is expanding its Standing Lending Facility to make funds available to smaller lenders when market rates rise above preset thresholds.

China households elude taxman – and official GDP bean-counters | Reuters Data released this week showing China’s economy grew 7.7 percent last year suggested the imbalance is worsening, with consumption unchanged at just under 50 percent of GDP, but investment growing to slightly more than half.

A growing number of economists, however, say official statistics have got it wrong. To avoid taxes, consumers routinely get employers to buy things for them, resulting in a gross underestimation of how much consumers spend and exaggerating just how lopsided China’s $9.4 trillion economy is.

Rhodium Group » China’s Interbank Squeeze: Understanding the 2013 Drama and Anticipating 2014 The year 2014 has started off with additional drama over credit markets in China, and concerns that rising costs could lead to defaults for some risky financial products and end up spilling over to a broader financial crisis in China.  In this note we explore the current situation and the recent changes in money market structure. We also consider the common view that the central bank is not in control, and whether its intervention can steer reform for the coming year. As we held throughout 2013, we believe the Bank knows what it’s doing, is being as rational as it can be in the context of China’s unique political crosswinds, and will play a decisive role in shaping 2014 outcomes.

Salty fish, MNCs and the SEC ban | China Accounting Blog | Paul Gillis As much as the firms are feeling sorry for themselves, it is their clients and their investors who will be hurt if they are banned from practice. A ban could lead to the companies being kicked off of U.S. stock exchanges for failing to produce audited financial statements. IPOs would have to be postponed until the bans were over. Financings would be delayed. Fortunately appeals are likely to delay this for a long time.

McKinsey Greater China – Why should Chinese companies list overseas? 2014 is expected to be a busy year for Chinese companies seeking to list overseas. But the delisting of several Chinese firms from foreign exchanges in recent years has some wondering: why should Chinese companies list overseas? In this podcast, Nick Leung tackles this question with Gordon Orr and David Cogman. Gordon is Asia Chairman of McKinsey. David is a Partner in the Corporate Finance Practice. Nick is Managing Partner of McKinsey’s Greater China Practice.

Beijing considers industry fund to transfer excess capacity abroadWantChinaTimes.com China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is considering setting up an industry investment fund to encourage businesses with a production capacity surplus to transfer capacity to other countries, with its size estimated to reach 100 billion yuan (US$16.53 billion), reports the Shanghai-based National Business Daily.

This time, however, China’s State Council is determined to target five sectors that have shown a production capacity surplus, namely steel, cement, aluminum, plate glass and shipping.

China’s fiscal revenue rises 10.1% in 2013 |China Data |chinadaily.com.cn China’s fiscal revenue climbed 10.1 percent year on year in 2013 to reach 12.91 trillion yuan ($2.11 trillion), the Ministry of Finance said Thursday.

The growth pace, however, slowed from the 12.8 percent reported in 2012 and 24.8 percent registered in 2011.

China’s 2013 M&A Value Hits Record High: PwC-Caijing The total value of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in China reached a  record high of $260 billion last year, a PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) report  showed on Wednesday.

It noted that M&As among China’s state-owned enterprises were mostly  concentrated in energy, resources and industrial areas, while investments by  privately owned enterprises were more diversified.

China’s carbon market may remain a solo one as companies get rights to offset pollution with non-CO2 credits China will allow big emitters to use offset credits from nitrous dioxide (N2O) destruction to meet domestic climate targets, giving its nod to a type of project that has been banned in other carbon markets.

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) published on Wednesday a list of more than 120 new types of projects eligible to earn carbon credits that can be sold to power generators and manufacturers facing emission caps under China’s fledgling carbon markets.

Crowdfunded in China: water cup, smartphone button, sex toy With Kickstarter-like Chinese site Demohour’s recent funding, we’ve taken notice of China’s growing crowdfunding scene. In light of this trend, we’re trying something new starting this week: a regular list of our favorite projects assembled from the top crowdfunding sites in the country. Depending on feedback and how many cool projects we can find, this could be a weekly or bi-weekly post. So to get things started off, here are our inaugural top five picks.

China becomes top gold consumer in 2013 – FT.com China has overtaken India as the world’s largest gold consumer thanks to soaring purchases of jewellery, minted Panda coins and small gold bars.

According to the Thomson Reuters GFMS gold survey, the most widely followed report on the industry, Chinese demand reached 1,189.8 tonnes last year, a 32 per cent year-on-year jump and a fivefold increase since 2003.

China’s rebalancing requires more investment of the right kind – FT.com To work out what the Chinese economy needs to invest in more one only has to spend a few days in Beijing or any other major city and listen to the things that ordinary people complain about.

There is enormous demand for better public transport, cleaner energy, environmental protection, industrial upgrading and other investments that can clean up the air and alleviate terrible gridlock on the roads.

Slowing China Economy Raises Questions About Policy – China Real Time Report – WSJ A sharp downturn in manufacturing activity in China is a warning sign to the government not to move too quickly to tighten monetary conditions, says HSBC’s chief China economist, Qu Hongbin.

Mr. Qu said China needs to get a handle on its huge shadow banking sector to avoid messy defaults. But he pointed out that policy makers need to do this without tightening credit for companies in the manufacturing sector, given that inflation remains low across the economy.

China Money Network − China Added A Record 12 Gigawatts Of Solar Panels In 2013 China installed a record 12 gigawatts of solar panels in 2013, the most solar power added in a single year by any country in history, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

The research and data firm says that the number may be as high as 14 gigawatts if including year-end activities.

Investors Offer Hospitals a Market Injection – Which is one reason why local governments and the nation’s health care industry players have been carefully reviewing guidelines issued in October by the State Council, China’s cabinet, designed to encourage fresh investment in the nation’s more than 10,000 public hospitals.

The guidelines complement previous policy directives introduced by Beijing in recent years that encouraged a more market-oriented approach to managing the big, mainly urban hospital networks at the heart of the nation’s health care system.

Hong Kong Jewelry Sales Hit the Rocks, Says MasterCard Report – China Real Time Report – WSJ Hong Kong’s traditionally hot growth in jewelry sales is sagging, according to a new report analyzing MasterCard spending here, which the authors say is a warning signal for the city’s economy.

Nearly one year ago, year-over-year growth in jewelry sales was as high as 19%, said Sarah Quinlan, senior vice president for MasterCard Advisors, a division of the U.S.-based credit-card company. But according to a MasterCard report analyzing Hong Kong spending, that growth rate dipped below 6.4%, the average overall retail growth rate in the city last month.

COMPANIES

ICBC’s Jiang Won’t Compensate for Trust Product, CNBC Reports – Bloomberg Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd. Chairman Jiang Jianqing said the lender won’t compensate investors for losses tied to a troubled trust product distributed by the bank, CNBC reported on its website.

Investors in the 3-billion-yuan ($496 million) Credit Equals Gold No. 1 high-yield product met with ICBC officials at a Shanghai branch yesterday to demand their money amid concern that the trust wouldn’t repay the funds. A default on the trust product, which raised money for a failed coal mining company, would shake investors’ faith in the implicit guarantees offered by trust companies to draw funds from wealthy investors.

Investors Meet ICBC Officials on Concern of Trust Default – Bloomberg Investors in a troubled trust product distributed by Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd. met with the lender’s officials at a private-banking branch in Shanghai, demanding their money amid concern of a default.

Individuals were asked to sink at least 3 million yuan ($496,000) in the 3 billion-yuan Credit Equals Gold No. 1 product amid guarantees that it was “100 percent safe,” said Fang Ping, one of 20 investors who went into the branch. The product, which comes due on Jan. 31, raised funds for a coal mining company that collapsed after its owner was arrested.

Closer Look: New 4G Offerings Have Put China Unicom on Its Heels – Three years ago a long-time China Mobile customer told me he was lured away by China Unicom’s offer of an iPhone and 3G service.  Now, however, he is returning to China Mobile, which is preparing to offer faster 4G service and the popular Apple Inc. gadget.

Since China Mobile’s iPhone sales started on January 17, many people have told me they are abandoning China Unicom. It remains to be seen exactly how successful China Mobile will be with its new offerings, but alarm bells are ringing for China Unicom and China Telecom.

23rd January downstream news PetroChina has delayed the startup of two new refineries and the expansion of a third in order to counter the threat of overcapacity as oil demand growth slows.

The company will now start up its 200 000 bpd Kunming refinery in the Yunman province in 2016, two years behind the original schedule.

Operation of a 400 000 bpd joint venture refinery in Jieyang of Guangdong will be delayed to 2017, rather than 2013.

Alibaba Stake in Citic 21CN Sends Shares to Highest Since 2000 – Bloomberg Citic 21CN Co. (241)’s shares rose the highest in intraday trading in almost 14 years after Alibaba Group Holding Ltd., the owner of China’s biggest e-commerce business, said it would invest in the company to enter the drug-data industry.

Former Foxconn manager detained in kickbacks probe – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn A former senior manager at Taiwan’s technology giant Foxconn has been detained in an ongoing probe into kickbacks from suppliers, prosecutors said on Thursday after reports he pocketed NT$100 million ($3.33 million) in bribes.

Liao Wan-cheng was taken into custody late on Wednesday, while three other ex-employees were questioned and released on bail, an official at the Taipei District Prosecutor’s Office said.

China CNR Plans to Raise Around $1.5 Billion in HK IPO in 2nd Quarter – WSJ.com China CNR Corp. is planning to raise around US$1.5 billion in a Hong Kong initial public offering in the second quarter, people with direct knowledge of the deal said Tuesday.

CNR, which is already listed in Shanghai, is China’s second-biggest train maker by sales after CSR Corp Ltd., which is listed in Hong Kong and Shanghai. It is planning to submit an application to list to the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in coming weeks, the people said. A listing application is the first step toward an IPO in Hong Kong.

China’s Harbin Bank Said to Apply for $1 Billion Hong Kong IPO – Bloomberg Harbin Bank Co., a Chinese lender based near the Russian border, applied to the Hong Kong stock exchange for a $1 billion initial public offering, said two people with knowledge of the matter.

All three sponsors of the IPO are Chinese investment banks, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the information is private. The lender, based in the capital of northeastern China’s Heilongjiang province, aims to start trading in the first half, they said.

Apple Inc. (AAPL): Why Apple’s China Mobile Launch Was A Flop – Seeking Alpha The answer is partly in Apple’s “Premium” strategy and partly in the unique nature of the complex China smartphone market. In North America customers are pretty well divided between Apple and Samsung with a smattering of Motorola, LG, HTC and BlackBerry users and a group of also ran suppliers including Windows OS phones like the Nokia Lumia. Apple is the number one brand in the United States increasing its market share to 42% in the Christmas quarter.

irasia.com – China Telecom Corporation Limited China Telecom Corporation Limited (“China Telecom” or “the Company”; HKEx: 00728; NYSE: CHA) was voted by leading equity analysts “No.1 Best Managed Company in Asia”, across all industries at the “Best Managed and Governed Companies – Asia Poll 2014” (“the Poll”) by Euromoney, a leading international financial magazine.

Backers say twin $1 billion methanol plants planned by China-backed joint venture would be safe and environmentally sound | OregonLive.com A joint venture backed in part by a Chinese government agency has plans to build two $1 billion plants, one in Clatskanie and the other in Kalama, Wash., which would export methanol to China for making plastics and rubber.

allAfrica.com: Kenya: I Did Not Disown Rail Deal – AG (Page 1 of 2) Nandi Hills MP Alfred Keter yesterday appeared before the committee where he said that the China Road and Bridge Corporation is blacklisted from engaging in projects funded by the World Bank. Keter tabled a press release from the bank indicating the CRBC was blacklisted five years ago.

Museveni assures Chinese Railway Company of Government support President Yoweri Museveni has assured the China Harbour Engineering Company Ltd of Uganda Government support while the company will be undertaking the up-grading of the Northern and Eastern railway-line.

President Museveni said that the China Harbour Engineering Company Ltd will be one of the 2 construction companies the Government of Uganda will work with in improving the railway transport system in Uganda, especially the route from Kampala to Tororo in Eastern Uganda.

How I Lost My Offshore Oil Empire | The Global Mail Sun claims in a lawsuit in US District Court in Los Angeles that the Chinese oil giant Sinopec colluded with Chinese police to illegally detain him for five years and, while he was in prison, connived with his employees to wrest away an offshore firm that controlled much of his oil empire.

Sinopec – the fourth-largest company in the world behind Royal Dutch Shell, Wal-Mart and Exxon Mobil— has filed a motion to dismiss the suit, scheduled to be heard in March. It argues that the proper jurisdiction for the case is China rather than the US and that, even if events had happened as Sun alleged, they would not amount to the extortion, kidnapping and torture that he claims.

The “Self-developed” China Operating System by Chinese Academy of Sciences is A Windows Phone 7 Firmware? One week ago, the Institute of Software under Chinese Academy of Sciences unveiled China Operating System (COS) together with Shanghai Liantong Internet Technologies Ltd, as reported by CCTV, China’s state-owned TV station.

Posted from Diigo.

China Business Briefs 23/1/14

ECONOMY

Markit Economics – Press releases HSBC China Flash Manufacturing PMI (PDF)

China factory data show contraction; stocks fall – MarketWatch China’s manufacturing sector is showing an unexpected contraction in January, albeit a mild one, according to initial results from HSBC’s monthly survey released Thursday. The “flash” version of the HSBC/Markit China manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index fell to a six-month low of 49.6, down from a final December reading of 50.5, with the result sending Chinese stocks and the Australian dollar all lower. Economists had expected the flash PMI — which usually includes 85%-90% of total responses used for the final report — to print at 50.3, according to a Bloomberg News forecast. Results below the 50 level indicate contraction, while those above 50 suggest growth.

China PMI Signals First Contraction In 6 Months; Drops Most Since May | Zero Hedge With every component of HSBC’s China Manufacturing PMI either dropping or showong slower growth, it is hardly a surprise that the much-watched survey of economic strength dipped into contractionary territory. At 49.6 this is the lowest since July 2013 and dropped month-over-month by the most since May 2013. HSBC argues this is “domestic demand cooling” but new export orders tumbled at an accelerating pace as did employment. Of course, the silver lining is that because the prices components did not show acceleration then the PBOC has room to ‘stimulate’ to avoid repeating growth deceleration but that appears – despite today’s further CNY 120 billion reverse repo – to not be the plan for the PBOC for now (given the 20-plus percent YoY gains in house prices).

Judge Suspends Chinese Units of Big Four Auditors – WSJ.com The Chinese units of the Big Four accounting firms should be suspended from auditing U.S.-traded companies for six months, a judge ruled, a move that could complicate the audits of dozens of Chinese companies and some U.S.-based multinationals.

The audit firms, plus a fifth China-based accounting firm, broke U.S. law when they refused to turn over documents about some of their clients to the Securities and Exchange Commission to aid the commission in investigating those U.S.-traded Chinese companies for possible fraud, ruled Cameron Elliot, an SEC administrative law judge.

China’s Real-Estate Investment Boom Set to Continue in 2014 – China Real Time Report – WSJ Chinese outbound commercial real-estate investment is estimated to exceed $10 billion this year, after it doubled to $7.6 billion last year from 2012’s $3.3 billion, according to data from Jones Lang LaSalle. Rival brokerage Colliers International is more bullish, saying it expects Chinese investors to spend at least twice as much on overseas property assets this year as last year.

Among some of last year’s higher-profile investments were Shanghai’s Fosun International purchase of the Chase Manhattan Plaza in New York for $725 million in October and state-owned conglomerate Greenland Holding Group’s 70% stake in Brooklyn’s $5 billion Atlantic Yards project. Greeland also paid $1 billion for a piece of land in Los Angeles on which it plans to build a hotel, office units, serviced residences and high-end homes.

President Xi Jinping’s Crackdown on Official Gift-Giving Is Transforming How Business Is Done in China – WSJ.com An unexpected peak-season rut for China’s calendar business illustrates how broadly a corruption crackdown has challenged business as usual. Private clubs are shutting down following official criticism they are extravagant; officials attend meetings without watches and belts to avoid suspicion they have ill-gotten wealth; military officers, once able to ride high in imported SUVs, were recently told to drive only domestically made vehicles.

The campaign may be beginning to drag on China’s economy by reducing demand, economists said after a report this week showed last year’s gross domestic product growth held steady at 7.7%.

China Bailout Costs Jump Seen in Policy Bank Yield Surge – Bloomberg The average yield premium over the sovereign for five-year debt sold by China Development Bank, Export-Import Bank of China and Agricultural Development Bank of China widened 90 basis points from an August low to 142 basis points on Jan. 17, the highest in Chinabond data going back to 2007. The gap was 138 basis points yesterday. Yields have climbed on safer assets, including CDB’s, as delays in restructuring bad loans are stretching the central government’s ability to guarantee debt, Bank of America Merrill Lynch wrote in a report this week.

China creates teams to spearhead economic change, with top leaders in charge | Reuters China has created six teams to supervise its boldest economic and social changes in 30 years, with President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang personally taking charge, state media said on Wednesday.

Xi has been appointed the head of the central leading group for comprehensive reforms that will oversee the six teams, with Li as his deputy, state radio said after the group held its first-ever meeting.

Gazprom targets May for China gas deal, angles for pre-payments Gazprom on Wednesday proposed signing a major China gas export deal in May, as industry sources indicated that the Russian gas giant may offer a lower price in return for billions of dollars in upfront payments.

Industry sources say that Gazprom is hoping for $10-$11 per mmBtu from China. China is believed to pay $9 per mmBtu to Turkmenistan, the former Soviet state in Central Asia that beat Gazprom to the Chinese market.

China Auto Industry News | China to Account for 30% of Global Auto Sales by 2020 | China Car Times – China Auto News A recent study from KPMG indicates that the Chinese market will continue to expand considerably with it expected to account for 30% of global automotive sales by 2020 alone.

The study, carried out by KPMG as part of its fifteenth annual Global Automotive Executive Survey highlights many key points in the development of the Chinese auto industry which will coincide with the development of other BRIC markets which KMPG believes will benefit the top ten OEM manufacturers in China and to a lesser extent to the following ten.

Let the WMP house of cards fall apart next week | China Economic Review It’s time to let China’s wealth management house of cards fall apart. A potential US$500 million default at China Credit Trust (CCT) next week is the perfect place to start.

The 345 investors that bought CCT trust products through Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) in 2011 aren’t sitting on buried treasure. Rather, the underlying assets for those products are a few dilapidated coal mines in Shanxi province. The price of coal has dropped 40% since a group of hungry investors poured their cash into the trusts, a form of wealth management product (WMP). The plant and equipment at the mine have also no doubt fallen in value.

China must spend $330 billion more to do fair share on climate – report | Reuters China must increase spending on emission cuts and clean technologies by 2 trillion yuan ($330 billion) to do its fair share to halt climate change, a report by Beijing’s Central University of Finance and Economics said.

China, the world’s biggest-emitting nation, has already pledged to spend 520 billion yuan to help prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2C, according to Chen Bo, co-author of the report.

Migrants find a home for capital in pursuit of foreign residence[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn Migration for investment in overseas real estate markets has become a top choice for Chinese applicants, according to a report on China’s migration status released on Wednesday.

The Annual Report on Chinese International Migration 2014 shows that a growing number of Chinese investors are rushing to go abroad in order to buy properties and establish permanent residence in places like Europe and North America.

Shadow Banking Again in the Limelight-Caijing The General Office of the State Council recently introduced a new set of  guidelines – known as Document No. 107 – to curb the country’s massive shadow  banking system. The guidelines are widely regarded as China’s highest level  document aimed at regulating risky off-balance-sheet lending.

Document No. 107 officially defines the shadow banking system in China for  the first time. It also clarifies responsibilities of the country’s central bank  and the separate regulatory agencies for the banking, securities and insurance  sectors when it comes to supervising shadow-banking activities, and pledges to  establish a regulatory framework featuring both central- and local-level  regulation.

China abandons its pursuit of growth at all costs – FT.com Implicit in this change of direction is a trade-off between growth and economic efficiency. The government is expecting growth of about 7.5 per cent in 2014. In previous years it has made its forecast deliberately low and then come in triumphantly above expectations. This year, if anything, it could go the other way. By the end of 2014 growth may be slowing towards 6 per cent, even if the result for the year as a whole is still likely to be 7 per cent or above.

China Reforms Hydro-Electricity Prices – WSJ.com China on Wednesday said it would reform the price that power-grid operators pay to hydropower plants for electricity to encourage investment in the industry.

Chinese officials admitted last month that the country is struggling to meet its 2015 targets for clean-energy production. China wants non-fossil fuels to make up 11.4% of its energy mix by 2015, but consumption reached only 9.4% in 2012.

For Liquor Makers, Cheer Dries Up in China – WSJ.com The crackdown on conspicuous consumption—part of an anticorruption drive led by President Xi Jinping—has hit spirits companies harder than most. Profit warnings, executive departures and restructuring drives have all been linked to the ban.

China is the world’s biggest alcohol market, making up 38% of global spirits consumption, according to the International Wine & Spirit Research industry body. The country is especially important for cognac makers: Rémy Cointreau derives about 40% of its total profit from cognac sales in China, while sales of the French liquor account for 15% of  Pernod Ricard S’s earnings.

China listings no lure to investors after closure of 3.6m trading accounts | South China Morning Post The number of mainland stock accounts containing funds shrank to a three-year low of 53.7 million on Friday, a drop of 3.6 million from the June 2011 peak.

The retreat, spurred by slowing economic growth and a shift towards higher-yielding wealth management products, is fuelling losses in the Shanghai Composite Index that erased US$571 billion of market value in the past four years and sent the gauge to a five-month low on Monday.

12 new free-trade zones to follow in Shanghai’s footsteps | South China Morning Post The 12 would include Guangdong, which has been lobbying the central government by highlighting its economic ties with Hong Kong, and Tianjin , Xinhua cited an official source as telling its subsidiary the Economic Information Daily. It did not name the remaining 10.

He said other candidates included Zhejiang’s Zhoushan , which consists of several islands with a focus on the shipping business; Qingdao , an important port city; Chengdu , a southwestern business hub; Wuhan , a central province; and Hangzhou , where e-commerce giant Alibaba is based.

Hi-tech industry helps Shenzhen beat GDP goal | South China Morning Post Mayor Xu Qin will tell delegates that the city’s economy grew by 10.5 per cent last year compared with 2012. Xu early last year set a target of a 9 per cent rise in gross domestic product. Per capita GDP in the city reached US$22,000.

Xu’s work report said Shenzhen’s six strategic industries – biotechnology, information technology, new energy, new materials, telecommunications and the cultural and creative industry – recorded growth of 19.8 per cent last year.

Wealthy Chinese want British education for their children – FT.com The Hurun Report, a closely watched annual survey of China’s entrepreneurs and investors, found that 29 per cent gave Britain as the ideal country for their children’s secondary education, followed by the US with 26 per cent.

The influx of Chinese in Britain’s education system would have spillover effects for the rest of the economy, he added. “These people will have two years in the UK at sixth form, followed by four years at university, followed very likely by a year or two of work experience. So they’re going to have a very personal relationship with Britain for the best part of 8 years.”

Chinese Hotels Drop Stars to Score Political Points – China Real Time Report – WSJ Amid China’s anti-extravagance sweep, hotels are downgrading themselves to score political points – and win back business from politicians. A year ago this week, President and Communist Party Chairman Xi Jinping declared war on “undesirable practices” by officials that he said risked creating an “invisible wall that separates the party from the people.”

COMPANIES

Chinese oil giants make use of offshore shell companies in Caribbean | World news | theguardian.com The country’s biggest oil companies – Sinopec, PetroChina and the China National Offshore Oil Company (CNOOC) – are among the world’s largest businesses, but executives in the industry are embroiled in multiple corruption probes, many tied to networks of shell companies around the world.

Research by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) based on leaked financial records from the British Virgin Islands, reveal dozens of companies tied to the three oil giants, many of which are not disclosed on any publicly available filings by the businesses.

China Insurer Ping An Promises to Look Into ‘VIP’ Investment Product Collapse – China Real Time Report – WSJ One of China’s largest insurers said it will look into allegations from investors that some of its salespeople sold them another firm’s product that they now say has collapsed.

In a statement to The Wall Street Journal on Wednesday, Ping An Insurance Group Co. said the company forbids its insurance agents from selling products on behalf of other financial institutions.

ICBC May Pay Part of Funds in Troubled Trust: Time-Weekly – Bloomberg ICBC and China Credit Trust may each take responsibility for 25 percent of payments for the 3 billion-yuan ($496 million) trust, the newspaper reported on its website today, citing a person it didn’t identify. The Credit Equals Gold No. 1 product raised money for a coal mining company that collapsed after its owner was arrested. The government of Shanxi province, where the company was based, may take responsibility for the remaining 50 percent, according to the report on the website of Guangzhou city-based Time-Weekly.

Special Report: How Caterpillar got bulldozed in China | Reuters The night of the awards on November 16 three Caterpillar lawyers were wrapping up an eight-hour grilling of Wang Fu, Siwei’s chairman. Major accounting problems had been unearthed at Siwei headquarters in the gritty Chinese city of Zhengzhou. Two months later, on January 18, 2013, Caterpillar said it had discovered “deliberate, multi-year, coordinated accounting misconduct” at Siwei.

Wang was sacked. Caterpillar took a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $580 million – 86 percent of the value of the deal. The company says it was caught unaware by the problems at Siwei and only discovered them in November 2012, five months after the deal closed.

Are Lenovo and IBM Finally Close to Another Deal? It has taken a long time, but Lenovo (NASDAQOTH: LNVGY) and IBM (NYSE: IBM) may be about to finally strike a bargain for IBM’s x86 server business. Lenovo has openly acknowledged its interest in this business, but the companies have been at odds on deal terms. With ongoing share loss in the server business and a desire to reallocate capital to higher-returning businesses like software and services, IBM would do well to close this deal.

Yu E Bao Deals with the Pressure of Being No. 1 – As of January 15, Yu E Bao has more than 250 billion yuan in investment from over 49 million users, says Tian Hong Asset Management Co., the company that manages Yu E Bao. That makes it the 14th-largest money market fund in the world, data from Bloomberg shows. Combined with other investment funds, the amount managed by Tian Hong has exceeded 260 billion yuan.

An excerpt of the interview follows.

Text, Chat, Profit: Tencent Launches Investing on WeChat – China Real Time Report – WSJ The new service is no doubt aimed at competing with Alibaba’s service, which was introduced last year. It’s also likely a ploy by Tencent to entice users to link their bank and WeChat accounts. The fund, called Licaitong, offers an impressive 7.3940% seven-day annualized yield, besting Yu’e Bao’s rate by almost 1%.

Magnum Entertainment Soars on First Nightclub IPO in Hong Kong – Bloomberg Magnum Entertainment Group Holdings Ltd. (2080), the first nightclub operator to go public in Hong Kong, more than doubled on its first day of trading.

Magnum raised $16.3 million in an initial public offering, selling shares at the top end of a marketed range, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The stock jumped as high as HK$3.21 from its offer price of HK$1.50, and traded at HK$3.05 at 9:57 a.m. local time.

China Mobile shakes up fixed-line broadband | South China Morning Post A welcome development looks set to shake up China’s fixed-line broadband sector this year, with word that leading wireless carrier China Mobile (0941.HK; NYSE: CHL) is offering aggressive pricing after receiving a license to offer fixed-line service late last year. Of course I’m speaking from the consumer’s perspective, since China’s 1.3 billion consumers and millions of businesses have had little or no choice for the last decade when choosing a fixed-line broadband supplier.

Qihoo 360 to distribute and facilitate Disney’s mobile gamesWantChinaTimes.co The two companies reached an agreement on Wednesday. Disney Mobile will sign over the intellectual property rights to its mobile games to Qihoo while the Chinese company’s 360 Mobile Assistant will use Qihoo’s resources to distribute and facilitate the games. The two companies will also provide various Disney-related products such as browser skins and computer desktop wallpapers of Disney images, said Jiang Zuwang, director of the Qihoo’s Mobile Gaming group.

Top Chinese App and Mobile Game Trends in 2013: Wandoujia Chinese Android app distributor Wandoujia (or SnapPea) and research institute iResearch jointly released a report on the hottest trends of Chinese mobile apps and games in last year.

Square-like Chinese startup QFPay swipes $16.5M in series B funding QFPay, maker of a Square-like gadget for taking e-payments via a smartphone, has secured series B funding worth $16.5 million, 36Kr reports today.

QFPay’s main product is QPOS, which looks like a mini calculator. It connects wirelessly to Android tablets or phones, or iPhone or iPad; or there’s a wired version that hooks up to a PC. It can be used by retailers of all sizes to take credit card or bank card transactions.

The Himalayan Times : Two banks asked to set aside Rs 1.5bn to pay MWSDB – Detail News : Nepal News Portal Himalayan Bank Ltd (HBL) and Bank of Kathmandu (BoK) will have to deposit Rs 1.51 billion at the central bank for possible payment to Melamchi Water Supply Development Board, according to a court order.

HBL will have to deposit Rs 660 million and BoK has to deposit Rs 850 million as a provision to pay MWSDB the counter guarantee amount. The two Nepali banks stand to lose about Rs 1.5 billion to the project after their client — China Railway 15 Bureau Group Corporation — failed to complete the construction of the tunnel.

LNG Stock Prices: Three Reasons 2014 Will Bring the Biggest Gains Yet China continues to turn more to natural gas as a solution to the country’s air pollution problem. It aims to triple the use of natural gas by 2020 to above 300 billion cubic meters from approximately 100 billion cubic meters now.

China only began importing LNG in 2006, but by the end of 2012 it had six LNG import terminals in operation. The total capacity of these terminals is 18.8 million tons of LNG.

Four of the terminals are run by CNOOC Ltd. (NYSE ADR: CEO) and two by the parent of PetroChina Co. Ltd. (NYSE ADR: PTR).

Addax signs 10-year Gabon petroleum deal – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn Addax Petroleum Corp, the biggest overseas subsidiary of Sinopec Group, has won a 10-year contract to extract oil at three fields in Gabon.

At peak production, the company will account for about 20,000 barrels a day, or nearly one-eighth of the African country’s oil output.

New batch of dairy brands recommended – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn The China Dairy Industry Association (CDIA) announced Wednesday the second batch of the association’s recommended baby formula brands. Twelve baby formula products from six domestic dairy companies were promoted in a press conference held in Beijing Wednesday.

The six companies are Zhejiang Beingmate Technology Industry and Trade Co, Beijing Sanyuan Foods Co, and four regional dairy brands.

LifeWatch announces strategic partnership with China Telecom for the sale of medical smartphones LifeWatch AG (SIX Swiss Exchange: LIFE), the leading wireless cardiac monitoring service provider in the U.S., makes a huge step forward in its strategy to complement its offering with products and ser- vices that are independent from third party payees. Today, Yacov Geva, CEO, signed a binding memorandum of understanding with China Telecom with a potential of more than USD 400 million sales of medical smartphones LiveWatch V and subsequent generation and related services in China over five years.

China Mobile Ltd. (ADR) (CHL): China Mobile: A Long-Term Buying Opportunity – Seeking Alpha Although CHL is currently facing some headwinds, the company has an enviable history of growth. From 2003 through 2012, CHL increased both revenue and EPS every year with a 9-year CAGR of 14.7% and 13.7%, respectively. Although rivals China Unicom and China Telecom grew revenues at a faster pace in recent years, their growth came at the expense of profitability as both companies spent heavily on marketing and subsidies to attract CHL customers. For example, although CHL has lagged badly from 2009 through 2012 in terms of revenue, the company has outpaced both CHU and CHA in terms of EPS growth at a 3-year CAGR of 3.9% vs. 0% for CHA and a negative 9.1% for CHU.

WeChat 5.2 Supports Nine Categories of Mobile Payments It now supports making payments for Didi (the taxi app venture backed by Tencent), Licaitong (the mutual fund, released several days ago, similar to Alipay’s Yuebao), purchases on Tencent’s online retailer Yixun, QQ Coins (the virtual currency used in Tencent ecosystem), movie tickets, lottery tickets, making donations, phone bills and splitting bills.

Volvo AB: Chinese Authority Approves Dongfeng Motor JV – WSJ.com Swedish truck maker Volvo AB (VOLV-B.SK) Wednesday said the National Development and Reform Commission in China on Jan. 7 approved the establishment of a previously announced joint venture between the company and China’s Dongfeng Motor Group Company Ltd. (0489.HK).

Volvo in January last year announced an agreement with Dongfeng to acquire 45% of the Chinese vehicle maker’s new subsidiary Dongfeng Commercial Vehicles, which will include a large part of its medium and heavy duty commercial vehicles business.

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China Business Briefs 22/1/14

ECONOMY

China’s princelings storing riches in Caribbean offshore haven | World news | The Guardian The ICIJ records show both PricewaterhouseCoopers and UBS had extensive contacts with incorporation agents in the BVI and other territories in the region. In total, UBS helped incorporate more than 1,000 offshore institutions for clients from China, Hong Kong or Taiwan, while PwC had a role in establishing at least 400.

Both PricewaterhouseCoopers and UBS declined to comment on any specifics regarding their activities in the BVI, or with China’s rich. However, spokesmen for both companies said their activities complied with appropriate law and ethical codes.

Leaked Records Reveal Offshore Holdings of China’s Elite | International Consortium of Investigative Journalists Close relatives of China’s top leaders have held secretive offshore companies in tax havens that helped shroud the Communist elite’s wealth, a leaked cache of documents reveals.

Nearly 22,000 offshore clients with addresses in mainland China and Hong Kong appear in the files obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists.  Among them are some of China’s most powerful men and women — including at least 15 of China’s richest, members of the National People’s Congress and executives from state-owned companies entangled in corruption scandals.

It’s farewell to the golden chopsticks – FT.com But they are not the only ones hit by the new scourge of Scrooge: lots of ordinary pen-pushers are suffering too. They were not worth bribing before because they were either too junior or in the wrong department. Now they are not getting the other perks of office either: everything from mooncake coupons at the mid-autumn festival, to grocery gift cards at Chinese New Year, perks that they counted on to boost their meagre civil servant salaries by 10, 20 or even 30 per cent a year.

Heard on the Street: Dukes of Chinese Moral Hazard – WSJ.com Some observers hope that the failure of such a risky investment product—something that has never happened in China—will flush moral hazard out of the system. The scare has become a litmus test for Beijing’s reform drive. Let a small trust product fail, and the rest of the market will snap into shape. But the contagion risks means such an outcome is far from certain.

ICBC’s stance is that it’s only a sales agent and doesn’t have a legal obligation to stand by the products. This response shouldn’t surprise investors. If ICBC said it would backstop the products, it would risk an official reappraisal of how it treats all the other investments it keeps off its balance sheets.

China eases credit squeeze with lots of cash and surprising transparency | Reuters Faced with an abrupt rise in benchmark interest rates on Monday, which saw the benchmark seven-day repo rate quoted as high as 10 percent at one point, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) announced it had provided an unspecified amount of emergency cash directly to some banks through its short-term lending facility (SLF).

It also committed to injecting money into the financial system during regularly scheduled open market operations on Tuesday – an unusual behavioral change for the central bank, which usually remains cagey about such plans.

Chinese investors try police to recoup funds | Business Spectator The product in question involves about one billion yuan in funds raised in 2012 by a little-known investment firm, Beijing Roll-In Investment Co. Beijing Roll-In planned to invest the money in several public housing projects backed by the government in the city of Chengdu, in western China, according to a dozen of its investors interviewed by The Wall Street Journal.

On Tuesday, about a dozen investors gathered at a branch of the Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau, the city’s police, and asked the agency to start investigating the alleged default, which has led to the loss of what the investors call their “xue han qian,” or blood and sweat money.

Offshore Yuan-Bond Sales Off to a Galloping Start – MoneyBeat – WSJ According to data provider Dealogic, 10 borrowers have raised $2.9 billion worth of funds via dim-sum bonds so far this year, or yuan bonds issued outside mainland China.

That is more than four times the $697 million raised in the same period a year earlier, and the largest amount on record, Dealogic data showed. With 10 days before the month comes to an end, dim-sum bond issuance in January could exceed the record $3.2 billion issued in November.

Is China’s Slower Growth Good or Bad News? – China Real Time Report – WSJ So is less growth good or bad? Is economic data pointing to political success or merely a flagging economy? And should China’s leaders take a bow – or should they take a hint? The answer is — it depends.

Chinese Outbound Tourist Numbers To Double By 2020 | China Briefing News CLSA, the CITIC-owned Asian investment and brokerage advisory firm, issued a report on Monday which estimated that the number of mainland Chinese outbound tourists will double from 100 million in 2013 to 200 million by 2020. As a result, tourist spending is expected to triple, from about RMB500 billion to some RMB1.4 trillion during the next six years

New CIC President Credited with Shrewd Overseas Investments – The country’s sovereign wealth fund, China Investment Corp. (CIC), has replaced its retiring president and vice chairman, Gao Xiqing, with vice president Li Keping, who has a reputation for wise overseas investments.

Li, 57, joined the CIC in July 2011 as a vice president. He also held the posts of executive director and chief investment officer. Before that he worked with the National Council for Social Security Fund in charge of overseas investment. Li started working there in 2001.

J.P. Morgan Avoids Some Deals In China, Fearing U.S. Investigations – WSJ.com  J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. has pulled out of a $1 billion initial public offering of a Chinese chemical company and won’t seek a role in the IPO of a Chinese state-owned train maker, as the bank walks away from deals that could come under scrutiny from U.S. investigators probing its hiring practices in China.

Now the U.S. bank has stepped back from two more deals. J.P. Morgan ceded work on the IPO of Tianhe Chemicals, a privately owned maker of specialty chemicals. It was one of two banks with Morgan Stanley handling Tianhe Chemical’s planned 2011 IPO in London, which didn’t get off the ground.

Two Luxury Developments Inch Closer to Hitting Market in Capital – Homes in the luxury Taihe and Yueyuan projects will sell for more than 65,000 yuan per square meter. The total value of the two projects will pass 5.2 billion yuan, Centaline Property Agency says.

Two luxury housing projects in the capital have received special permits from the housing regulator, a sign the city is easing limits on the high-end property market.

Struggling hotels in China cut ratings to woo customers|Markets|Business|WantChinaTimes.com A total of 56 Chinese hotels have lowered or done away with their ratings to survive following Beijing’s crack down on government excess, reports the state-run China News Service, citing Chen Miaolin, vice president of the China Tourism Association and chairman of the Zhejiang-based New Century Tourism Group

Chen said that Chinese hotels had been graded on a five-star scale according to their facilities and quality of service. The greater number of stars, the more luxurious the hotels were considered, and could charge higher prices.

Shanghai free trade zone to be policed for copyright infringements – CHINA – BUSINESS – Globaltimes.cn China will keep a close eye on the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone (FTZ) to combat cross-border crimes on intellectual property right (IPR) infringements and production of counterfeit goods.

The FTZ, inaugurated on September 29, 2013, has a high level of openness. This means it could be subject to the risk of fueling criminal infringement of IPR, said Chai Haitao, deputy director of the Office of the National Leading Group on the Fight against IPR Infringement and Counterfeiting, at a briefing Tuesday.

New China IPOs suspended from trading after excessive price surge | South China Morning Post Trading in the shares of seven of the eight mainland companies that made their market debut in Shenzhen yesterday was halted twice after gains exceeded limits set by the city’s exchange.

Shares of Zhejiang Wolwo Bio-Pharmaceutical, Chengdu Tianbao Heavy Industry, Guangdong Qtone Education and four other companies were suspended from 10.30am until 2.57pm, three minutes before the close, after they jumped at least 44 per cent from their initial public offering prices.

China Banks Get Greater Freedom on Small Loans – WSJ.com Under new regulations that took effect this month, Chinese banks have greater freedom to write off small loans that have turned sour. Banks still need to follow strict rules, but the mild relaxation may make them more willing to lend to the small businesses that are a vital part of the world’s second-largest economy, which is grappling with a slowdown.

Meanwhile, the central bank is trialing a program this week aimed at giving local banks around the country better access to funds when short-term borrowing costs rise above high levels. They are among the financial institutions most reliant on money markets for cash, leaving them vulnerable when short-term borrowing costs rise.

China, EU talking investment[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn China and the European Union on Tuesday started the first round of negotiations to forge an investment pact as both sides expect to open a new decade of ties between the two economies, officials said.

Remy Martin in low spirits as crackdown drains brandy sales – Chinadaily.com.cn France’s second-biggest distiller Remy Martin can no longer count on the Chinese NewYear, usually the best time of the year for a sales boost, for a bonanza this Spring Festival because of the government’s crackdown on extravagant spending.

Sales of the Paris-based company were down in the first three quarters by more than 12 percent to 845.7 million euros ($1.15 billion) from 964.5 million euros over the same period in the previous year because of the “unfavorable situation” for spirits in China, the company said on Tuesday in a statement.

Li’s Power Assets Raises $3.1 Billion in Electricity Trust IPO – Bloomberg Power Assets Holdings Ltd. (6), controlled by Asia’s richest man Li Ka-shing, raised HK$24.1 billion ($3.1 billion) in the initial public offering of HK Electric Investments at the low end of a marketed price range.

The company sold HK Electric units at HK$5.45 each, Power Assets said in a statement to the Hong Kong stock exchange today. About 4.43 billion units were offered at HK$5.45 to HK$6.30 apiece, according to HK Electric’s IPO prospectus.

China’s Sina, Baidu and Other Big Websites Are Hit With Disruptions – China Real Time Report – WSJ Chinese Internet users first noticed a problem at around 3:15 p.m. local time, when many complained that they couldn’t access a range of popular local websites ranging from news and social media portal Sina.com to services run by search company Baidu.

Though the exact nature of the problem is unclear, Qihoo and another security company, Kingsoft.com, said the problem likely had to do with servers that link a website’s domain name — such as baidu.com — with the numerical IP address that allows a computer to connect to a website.

Time for China’s economy to grow like it’s 1999 | China Economic Review What’s coming into focus now is the balance between appeasement – that is, powering the economy with cheap credit, maintaining employment and social stability and keeping state businesses afloat – and rebalancing. The concept of rebalancing China has come to mean scaling back government investment, killing inefficient state firms and tightening their access to credit, all the while opening channels of credit to the real economy, namely small and medium enterprises.

This is a delicate balancing act because without strong economic growth, leaders will be wary of implementing reforms, many of which are thought to be impediments to strong headline GDP.

What’s China’s Game In Central Asia? Some have raised eyebrows when noticing that the China National Petroleum Corp is the only foreign company to have a much-coveted onshore contract to develop a Turkmen field — the Bagtyyarlyk (Happiness) field, with estimated gas reserves of some 1.3 trillion cubic meters (that’s enough to fill all the European Union’s gas needs for about two years).

Most-Profitable ICBC Led by Jiang at Davos Peak From a Coal Mine – Businessweek The head of Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd. is the first Chinese banker to serve as a co-chairman of the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos. The recognition highlights the increasing prominence on the global stage of the country’s state-controlled banks, which have added as many assets over the past five years as are held by all U.S. lenders combined. As China’s financial champions expand, Western banks are grappling with stagnant revenue and mounting legal costs tied to fines and settlements.

China’s Iraq Oil Imports Surge as Beijing Diversifies Crude Sources – WSJ.com Imports over the past year from Saudi Arabia, Angola and Russia—China’s largest suppliers in 2012—shrank as an overall share of total shipments. Last year their crude made up 42% of China’s imports, compared with 44% in 2012.

At the same time, growing imports from smaller and emerging oil-producing countries have helped make up for the shortfall. Imports from Iraq rose roughly 50% in 2013, ranking it behind Russia as China’s fifth-largest source of foreign crude.

Migration of Chinese Startups to Second-tier Cities Continues in 2013: Itjuzi Report Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou are still No. 1 destinations for startups, accounting for 76% of the total on aggregate. Zhejiang, Suzhou, Sichuan, Fujian, which account for a combined 18% of the total, is catching up thanks to government supports in policies, funds and other resources.

However, the combined percentage of startups based in regions that nabbed 4-10 spots in Top 10 list (where second-tier and third-tier cities located) reached 21% on aggregate, up from 13% in 2011 and 20% in 2012.

Vale CEO: China iron ore price drop temporary – MarketWatch A recent decline in iron ore prices in China is temporary and prices should rebound after companies operating there begin rebuilding inventories, the chief executive of Brazilian mining company Vale (VALE, VALE5.BR), Murilo Ferreira, said Tuesday.

COMPANIES

Battle to become top personal finance portal begins in ChinaWantChinaTimes.com Tencent quietly introduced the service — which allows users to invest in currency funds through its WeChat mobile phone app — on the evening of Jan. 15, following rumors that it would do so over the preceding six months, the newspaper said.

Alipay announced on the same day as WeChat’s quiet launch that Yu’ebao had a total user base of 49 million, who had jointly invested 250 billion yuan (US$41 billion).

Sinope (SHI) Increases Stake in China Petroleum (SNP) On 17 January 2014, the Company received a notice from Sinopec Group that Sinopec Group had increased its shareholding in the Company by way of acquiring 173,248,859 A shares on the secondary market through the trading system at the Shanghai Stock Exchange as of 17 January 2014, representing approximately 0.149% of the total issued share capital of the Company.

China Petroleum & Chemical (SNP) Shares Cross Above 200 DMA – Forbes In trading on Tuesday, shares of China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. Inc (NYSE: SNP) crossed above their 200 day moving average of $79.00, changing hands as high as $82.25 per share. China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. Inc shares are currently trading up about 5.8% on the day. The chart below shows the one year performance of SNP shares, versus its 200 day moving average:

China CNR Plans to Raise Around $1.5 Billion in HK IPO in 2nd Quarter – WSJ.com China CNR Corp is planning to raise around US$1.5 billion in a Hong Kong initial public offering in the second quarter, people with direct knowledge of the deal said Tuesday.

CNR, which is already listed in Shanghai, is China’s second-biggest train maker by sales after CSR Corp Ltd, which is listed in Hong Kong and Shanghai. It is planning to submit an application to list to the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in coming weeks, the people said. A listing application is the first step toward an IPO in Hong Kong.

As Cnooc sinks on no-growth guidance, Sinopec seen as better bet – Seeking Alpha J.P. Morgan is surprised Cnooc has guided almost no organic growth in 2014, and thinks the company has set itself up for a difficult 2015, where 14%-18% Y/Y organic production growth would be needed to reach the low end of the 2011-15 6%-10% target; the firm recommends SNP or PetroChina (PTR +0.2%) instead for China oil exposure.

SNP’s prospects are considered rosier than Cnooc’s: Its dividend yield is healthy at 5.21% vs. the 4.67% industry average, and its 9.17 P/E ratio indicates general investor expectations of higher returns in the short and medium term, if not beyond.

Mobile Game Developer LineKong Rakes in $80 Million of Series C Funding Wang Feng, CEO of mobile game developer LineKong, confirmed today the company had secured $80 million of Series C funding from consortium consisted of Orchid Asia, SAIF Partners, Starwish Global Limited, Profitable Century International Limited.

Failed Chinese Startups 2013 Like always and anywhere, a number startups in China failed in 2013. ITjuzi, a China-based starup data base, shared with us this list of worth-mentioning Chinese startups that died in the year.

Gome shares rise on strong sales growth – FT.com Shares of Gome, China’s second-largest home appliance retailer, rose 6 per cent on Tuesday after the company reported strong sales growth last year.

Same-store sales are expected to have grown by more than 12 per cent last year from the year before and gross profit margins are expected to have exceeded 18 per cent, the company said in a filing to the Hong Kong stock exchange late on Monday. The news took the company’s stock to a close of HK$1.34, up nearly 40 per cent from its close a year ago.

Green Dragon Gas confident on growing output sixfold this year – Yahoo Finance UK Green Dragon Gas (LSE: GDG.Lnews) , a China-based gas firm, forecast on Tuesday that production would grow sixfold by the end of this year and said it was confident of funding the drilling needed to reach its long-standing output target.

Green Dragon said on Tuesday its own operations were on track to produce 18 billion cubic feet (bcf) of gas by the end of 2014, a six-fold jump from the 2.9 bcf it produced last year.

5 Stocks Under $10 Worth Buying China Ming Yang Wind Power Group  (NYSE: MY) — $2.72

Shares of this Chinese wind-turbine maker more than doubled last year as orders spiked nicely higher and it powered its way closer to profitability.

Ventures Africa | East Africa Injects Billions Into Rail Infrastructure In Kenya, civil engineering firm, China Road and Bridge Corporation, has started the construction of the $3.8 billion SGR Railway line.

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